Data-driven probabilistic scenarios simulation model and visualization for hurricane impact

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

The 2017 Atlantic hurricane season was horrendous and became one of the costliest hurricanes in the United States. Understanding its highly erratic movement with changing speed direction and precipitation, access to storm forecast models is essential for local and state officials and emergency responders as these models provide critical storm information (e.g., possible storm trajectories and potential impacts) that acts as basis in decision making under uncertainty for preparedness and response operations. Unfortunately, access to these sophisticated models is limited or come at substantial costs. We developed a data-driven simulation model that takes possible hurricane trajectories, referred here as scenarios, as inputs, coupled with publicly available rolling horizon forecasts of overall weather while incorporating hurricane characteristics (wind speeds, precipitation and storm surges) to generate spatial-temporal storm predicted impacts at scenario level. The model also estimates the scenario probabilities, not directly provided in the public forecasts. The computational results on hurricane Irma case study illustrates the scenario-level storm impacts are generated with fairly accurately within reasonably short runtimes. In the next phase of research not reported here, these predictions impacts can drive models for disruptions in transportation, supply chains and power grids

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationIISE Annual Conference and Expo 2019
PublisherInstitute of Industrial and Systems Engineers, IISE
ISBN (Electronic)9781713814092
StatePublished - 2019
Event2019 Institute of Industrial and Systems Engineers Annual Conference and Expo, IISE 2019 - Orlando, United States
Duration: May 18 2019May 21 2019

Publication series

NameIISE Annual Conference and Expo 2019

Conference

Conference2019 Institute of Industrial and Systems Engineers Annual Conference and Expo, IISE 2019
CountryUnited States
CityOrlando
Period5/18/195/21/19

Keywords

  • Emergency response
  • Hurricane impacts
  • Weather simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Control and Systems Engineering
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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