Cytochrome P-450 arachidonic acid epoxygenase. Regulatory control of the renal epoxygenase by dietary salt loading

J. H. Capdevila, S. Wei, J. Yan, A. Karara, H. R. Jacobson, J. R. Falck, F. P. Guengerich, R. N. DuBois

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Abstract

The rat kidney microsomal epoxygenase catalyzed the asymmetric epoxidation of arachidonic acid to generate as major products: 8(R),9(S)-, 11(R),12(S)- and 14(S),15(R)-epoxyeicosatrienoic acids with optical purities of 97, 88, and 70%, respectively. Inhibition studies utilizing a panel of polyclonal antibodies to several rat liver cytochrome P-450 isoforms, indicated that the renal epoxygenase(s) belongs to the cytochrome P-450 2C gene family. Dietary salt, administered either as a 2-2.5% (w/v) solution in the drinking water or as a modified solid diet containing 8% NaCl (w/w), resulted in marked and selective increases in the renal microsomal epoxygenase activity (416 and 260% of controls, for the liquid and solid forms of NaCl, respectively) with no significant changes in the microsomal ω/ω-1 oxygenase or in the hepatic arachidonic acid monooxygenase reaction. Immunoblotting studies demonstrated that dietary salt induced marked increases in the concentration of a cytochrome P-450 isoform(s) recognized by polyclonal antibodies raised against human liver cytochrome P-450 2C10 or rat liver cytochrome P-450 2C11. Comparisons of the stereochemical selectivity of the induced and non-induced microsomal epoxygenase(s) with that of purified rat liver cytochrome P-450 2C11 suggest that the salt-induced protein(s) is catalytically and structurally different from liver cytochrome P-450 2C11. The in vivo significance of dietary salt in regulating the activities of the kidney endogenous arachidonic acid epoxygenase was established by the demonstration of a salt-induced 10-20-fold increase in the urinary output of epoxygenase metabolites. These results, in conjunction with published evidence demonstrating the potent biological activities of its metabolites, suggest a role for the epoxygenase in the renal response to dietary salt.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)21720-21726
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume267
Issue number30
StatePublished - Jan 1 1992

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

Capdevila, J. H., Wei, S., Yan, J., Karara, A., Jacobson, H. R., Falck, J. R., Guengerich, F. P., & DuBois, R. N. (1992). Cytochrome P-450 arachidonic acid epoxygenase. Regulatory control of the renal epoxygenase by dietary salt loading. Journal of Biological Chemistry, 267(30), 21720-21726.