Cyclooxygenase-2: A therapeutic target

Marco E. Turini, Raymond N. DuBois

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

493 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cyclooxygenase (COX), also known as prostaglandin endoperoxide synthase, is the key enzyme required for the conversion of arachidonic acid to prostaglandins. Two COX isoforms have been identified, COX-1 and COX-2. In many situations, the COX-1 enzyme is produced constitutively (e.g., in gastric mucosa), whereas COX-2 is highly inducible (e.g., at sites of inflammation and cancer). Traditional nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) inhibit both enzymes, and a new class of COX-2 selective inhibitors (COXIBs) preferentially inhibit the COX-2 enzyme. This review summarizes our current understanding of the role of COX-1 and COX-2 in normal physiology and disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)35-57
Number of pages23
JournalAnnual Review of Medicine
Volume53
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 9 2002

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Keywords

  • Biology
  • Cyclooxygenase
  • Disease
  • Inflammation
  • Prostaglandins

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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