Current‐Induced Segregation in Ionic Melts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The criteria for the electrochemically driven demixing of cations in ternary molten salts and silicates are analyzed for two cases of selective ion blocking electrodes. Mathematical expressions are derived for an anion flux case and a cation flux case which relate the concentration profiles and current densities at steady state to the differences of the electrical and chemical potentials applied at the melt surfaces. The analysis can be used to evaluate component demixing if three independent transport coefficients are known as a function of composition. Conversely, demixing experiments are proposed for use in determining such parameters as the inter diffusion coefficient and transference numbers of each ion for the composition range of segregation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)86-92
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Ceramic Society
Volume68
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1985
Externally publishedYes

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Cations
Positive ions
Ions
Fluxes
Silicates
Chemical potential
Chemical analysis
Anions
Molten materials
Current density
Negative ions
Salts
Electrodes
Experiments

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

Current‐Induced Segregation in Ionic Melts. / Petuskey, William.

In: Journal of the American Ceramic Society, Vol. 68, No. 2, 1985, p. 86-92.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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