Culture specific and crossculturally generalizable implicit leadership theories: Are attributes of charismatic/transformational leadership universally endorsed?

Deanne N. Den Hartog, Robert J. House, Paul J. Hanges, S. Antonio Ruiz-Quintanilla, Peter W. Dorfman, Ikhlas A. Abdalla, Babajide Samuel Adetoun, Ram N. Aditya, Hafid Agourram, Adebowale Akande, Bolanle Elizabeth Akande, Staffan Akerblom, Carlos Altschul, Eden Alvarez-Backus, Julian Andrews, Maria Eugenia Arias, Mirian Sofyan Arif, Neal M. Ashkanasy, Arben Asllani, Guiseppe AudiaGyula Bakacsi, Helena Bendova, David Beveridge, Rabi S. Bhagat, Alejandro Blacutt, Jiming Bao, Domenico Bodega, Muzaffer Bodur, Simon Booth, Annie E. Booysen, Dimitrios Bourantas, Klas Brenk, Felix Brodbeck, Dale Everton Carl, Philippe Castel, Chieh Chen Chang, Sandy Chau, Frenda Cheung, Jagdeep S. Chhokar, Jimmy Chiu, Peter Cosgriff, Ali Dastmalchian, Jose Augusto Dela Coleta, Marilia Ferreira Dela Coleta, Marc Deneire, Markus Dickson, Gemma Donnelly-Cox, Christopher Earley, Mahmoud A.E. Elgamal, Miriam Erez, Sarah Falkus, Mark Fearing, Richard H.G. Field, Carol Fimmen, Michael Frese, Pingping Fu, Barbara Gorsler, Mikhail V. Gratchev, Vipin Gupta, Celia Gutierrez, Frans Marti Hartanto, Markus Hauser, Ingalill Holmberg, Marina Holzer, Michael Hoppe, Jon P. Howell, Elena Ibrieva, John C. Ickis, Zakaria Ismail, Slawomir Jarmuz, Mansour Javidan, Jorge Correia Jesuino, Li Ji, Kuen Yung Jone, Geoffrey Jones, Revaz Jorbenadse, Hayat Kabasakal, Mary Keating, Andrea Keller, Jeffrey C. Kennedy, Jay S. Kim, Giorgi Kipiani, Matthias Kipping, Edvard Konrad, Paul L. Koopman, Fuh Yeong Kuan, Alexandre Kurc, Marie Francoise Lacassagne, Sang M. Lee, Christopher Leeds, Francisco Leguizamon, Martin Lindell, Jean Lobell, Fred Luthans, Jerzy Maczynski, Norma Mansor, Gillian Martin, Michael Martin, Sandra M. Martinez, Aly Messallam, Cecilia McMillen, Emiko Misumi, Jyuji Misumi, Moudi Al-Homoud, Phyllisis M. Ngin, Jeremiah O’Connell, Enrique Ogliastri, Nancy Papalexandris, T. K. Peng, Maria Marta Preziosa, Jose M. Prieto, Boris Rakitsky, Gerhard Reber, Nikolai Rogovsky, Joydeep Roy-Bhattacharya, Amir Rozen, Argio Sabadin, Majhoub Sahaba, Colombia Salon De Bustamante, Carmen Santana-Melgoza, Daniel Alan Sauers, Jette Schramm-Nielsen, Majken Schultz, Zuqi Shi, Camilla Sigfrids, Kye Chung Song, Erna Szabo, Albert C. Teo, Henk Thierry, Jann Hidayat Tjakranegara, Sylvana Trimi, Anne S. Tsui, Pavakanum Ubolwanna, Marius W. Van Wyk, Marie Vondrysova, Jürgen Weibler, Celeste Wilderom, Rongxian Wu, Rolf Wunderer, Nik Rahiman Nik Yakob, Yongkang Yang, Zuoqiu Yin, Michio Yoshida, Jian Zhou

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

623 Scopus citations

Abstract

This study focuses on culturally endorsed implicit theories of leadership (CLTs). Although crosscultural research emphasizes that different cultural groups likely have different conceptions of what leadership should entail, a controversial position is argued here: namely that attributes associated with charismatic/transformational leadership will be universally endorsed as contributing to outstanding leadership. This hypothesis was tested in 58 cultures as part of the Global Leadership and Organizational Behavior Effectiveness (GLOBE) Research Program. Universally endorsed leader attributes, as well as attributes that are universally seen as impediments to outstanding leadership and culturally contingent attributes are presented here. The results support the hypothesis that specific aspects of charismatic/transformational leadership are strongly and universally endorsed across cultures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)219-256
Number of pages38
JournalLeadership Quarterly
Volume10
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 1999

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Applied Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Organizational Behavior and Human Resource Management

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    Den Hartog, D. N., House, R. J., Hanges, P. J., Antonio Ruiz-Quintanilla, S., Dorfman, P. W., Abdalla, I. A., Adetoun, B. S., Aditya, R. N., Agourram, H., Akande, A., Akande, B. E., Akerblom, S., Altschul, C., Alvarez-Backus, E., Andrews, J., Arias, M. E., Arif, M. S., Ashkanasy, N. M., Asllani, A., ... Zhou, J. (1999). Culture specific and crossculturally generalizable implicit leadership theories: Are attributes of charismatic/transformational leadership universally endorsed? Leadership Quarterly, 10(2), 219-256. https://doi.org/10.1016/S1048-9843(99)00018-1