This study investigated a mediation model of the relationship of acculturation, enculturation, and intergenerational cultural conflict to mental and physical health among 222 Cambodian American adolescents residing in the northeast region of the United States. Social mediators were mother- child, father- child, peer, and school attachments. In addition, as an exploratory analysis, gender was examined as a moderator to illuminate potential differences between girls and boys in the mediation model. The results partially supported the hypothesized mediation model, indicating that mother- child attachment and school attachment were significant mediators in the relationship of cultural variables to mental and physical health problems. Furthermore, the mediation effects were similar across girls and boys, except for the associations between intergenerational cultural conflict, school attachment, and well-being. This study provides important implications for future research and interventions in addressing the cultural and social challenges faced by Cambodian American adolescents.
- Cambodian American adolescents
- Cultural orientation
- Intergenerational cultural conflict
- Social attachments
ASJC Scopus subject areas