Cultural Processes in Parenting and Youth Outcomes: Examining a Model of Racial-Ethnic Socialization and Identity in Diverse Populations

James Rodriguez, Adriana Umaña-Taylor, Emilie Phillips Smith, Deborah J. Johnson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

34 Scopus citations

Abstract

We review and summarize the findings across 7 studies contained in the special section titled, "Racial-Ethnic Socialization, Identity, and Youth Outcomes: Excavating Culture." These studies represent a significant advance for research in issues related to the impact of racial-ethnic socialization and identity on child outcomes. All 7 studies attempted to test in whole or part a hypothetical model in which ethnic-racial socialization in families of color is related to child psychosocial and academic outcomes directly and indirectly through effects on self-system variables such as racial-ethnic identity and self-esteem. Two types of racial socialization messages were of particular interest: messages that promote cultural pride (referred to as ethnic or cultural socialization) and messages that address children's exposure to discrimination (referred to as racial socialization). Collectively, the studies suggest that ethnic-racial socialization processes are related to youth outcomes through indirect associations with ethnic-racial identity and self-esteem. Findings were most consistent in the studies with African American youth and some aspects of the model were not supported for American Indian and Chinese youth. Ethnic and racial group differences and directions for future research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)106-111
Number of pages6
JournalCultural Diversity and Ethnic Minority Psychology
Volume15
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2009

Keywords

  • academic achievement
  • psychosocial outcomes
  • racial-ethnic identity
  • racial-ethnic socialization

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • Sociology and Political Science

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