Crystallographic origin of the alternate bright/dark contrast in 6H-SiC and other hexagonal crystal HREM images

J. S. Bow, Ray Carpenter, M. J. Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Alternating bright/dark anomalous subunitcell contrast in HREM images along or near the close-packed direction of 6H-SiC, Ti5Si3, α-Ti, and 4H-SiC, all of which are hexagonal, was examined using computer-generated crystal models, HREM image simulations, and digital diffractograms from the corresponding experimental images. The primary variables were crystal tilt and thickness. Crystal model projections showed that the scattering potential was smeared anisotropically within the unit cells by small crystal tilts, which reproduced the experimentally observed anomalous subunit-cell contrast modulations in the corresponding simulations. The effect increased with thickness, but it did not occur in exact zone axis simulations for any crystal thickness. Structural considerations indicated that the contrast resulted from tilt-induced violations of Gjonnes-Moodie dynamical extinctions and excitation of kinematically forbidden reflections in the imaging zone. Digital diffractograms from experimental HREM images confirmed their presence in the imaging zone diffraction patterns. These effects were absent in HREM images from cubic crystals in this material system because the structurally induced requisite kinematically forbidden reflections do not occur in the imaging zone.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)63-78
Number of pages16
JournalMicroscopy and Microanalysis
Volume2
Issue number2
StatePublished - 1996

Fingerprint

High resolution electron microscopy
Crystals
crystals
Imaging techniques
simulation
cells
Diffraction patterns
extinction
diffraction patterns
projection
Modulation
Scattering
modulation
scattering
excitation

Keywords

  • Hexagonal crystals
  • High-resolution transmission electron microscopy
  • Silicon Carbide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Instrumentation

Cite this

Crystallographic origin of the alternate bright/dark contrast in 6H-SiC and other hexagonal crystal HREM images. / Bow, J. S.; Carpenter, Ray; Kim, M. J.

In: Microscopy and Microanalysis, Vol. 2, No. 2, 1996, p. 63-78.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AB - Alternating bright/dark anomalous subunitcell contrast in HREM images along or near the close-packed direction of 6H-SiC, Ti5Si3, α-Ti, and 4H-SiC, all of which are hexagonal, was examined using computer-generated crystal models, HREM image simulations, and digital diffractograms from the corresponding experimental images. The primary variables were crystal tilt and thickness. Crystal model projections showed that the scattering potential was smeared anisotropically within the unit cells by small crystal tilts, which reproduced the experimentally observed anomalous subunit-cell contrast modulations in the corresponding simulations. The effect increased with thickness, but it did not occur in exact zone axis simulations for any crystal thickness. Structural considerations indicated that the contrast resulted from tilt-induced violations of Gjonnes-Moodie dynamical extinctions and excitation of kinematically forbidden reflections in the imaging zone. Digital diffractograms from experimental HREM images confirmed their presence in the imaging zone diffraction patterns. These effects were absent in HREM images from cubic crystals in this material system because the structurally induced requisite kinematically forbidden reflections do not occur in the imaging zone.

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