Cryogenic heat capacity measurements and thermodynamic analysis of lithium aluminum layered double hydroxides (LDHs) with intercalated chloride

K. Jayanthi, Grace Neilsen, Peter F. Rosen, Clark I. Andersen, Matthew S. Dickson, Samuel F. Evans, M. Parans Paranthaman, Brian F. Woodfield, Alexandra Navrotsky

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Lithium aluminum chloride layered double hydroxide ([Li-Al-Cl] LDH) sorbents selectively recover lithium from geothermal brines, paving the way for increased domestic production of lithium for rechargeable batteries. In this work, cryogenic heat capacity measurements (CP) were performed from 1.8 to 300 K on several undoped and Fe-doped [Li-Al-Cl] LDH samples with a generalized compositions Li1 xAl2(OH)6Cl1 x (undoped) and LixFeyAl2 y(OH)6Clx (Fe-doped). Thermodynamic functions were generated from these measurements, and values of S298.15 are reported based on both the CP measurements and configurational entropy (Sconfig) arising from positional disorder in the layered structure. These results are combined with previous enthalpy of formation (δHf) measurements to calculate the Gibbs energy of formation (δGf) for the samples. In these samples, a higher water content results in a less negative δGf when doped and undoped samples are considered separately. Limited iron substitution for aluminum results in the most negative δGf, but a larger dopant amount destabilizes the LDH structure. One of the samples had an anomaly in the heat capacity from 210 to 300 K, which is likely related to the movement of water in the structure due to the large H2O/Cl-ratio and the presence of vacancies in the interlayer where H2O resides. This indicates that the interactions between these species in the interlayer play an important role in stabilizing the LDH structure, and this effect should be further studied using different water/anion ratios.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)709-715
Number of pages7
JournalAmerican Mineralogist
Volume107
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2022

Keywords

  • Gibbs energy
  • Layered double hydroxides
  • entropy
  • heat capacity
  • lithium extraction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics
  • Geochemistry and Petrology

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