Crowding and cognitive development: The mediating role of maternal responsiveness among 36-month-old children

Gary W. Evans, Henry N. Ricciuti, Steven Hope, Ingrid Schoon, Robert Bradley, Robert F. Corwyn, Cindy Hazan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

32 Scopus citations

Abstract

Residential crowding in both U.S. and U.K. samples of 36-month-old children is related concurrently to the Bracken scale, a standard index of early cognitive development skills including letter and color identification, shape recognition, and elementary numeric comprehension. In the U.S. sample, these effects also replicate prospectively. Statistical controls for income, child gender, maternal age, and maternal education are incorporated throughout. In both samples the association between crowding and cognitive development are mediated by maternal responsiveness. Mothers in more crowded homes are less responsive to their children.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)135-148
Number of pages14
JournalEnvironment and Behavior
Volume42
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2010

Keywords

  • Children
  • Cognitive development
  • Crowding
  • Parental responsiveness

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)

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