Crossover Effects Among Parental Hostility and Parent–Child Relationships During the Preschool Period

Rebecca P. Newland, Lucia Ciciolla, Keith Crnic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Parental hostility may have widespread effects across members of the family, whereby one parent’s hostility might disrupt the other parent’s ability to maintain a positive relationship with his or her children. The present study prospectively examined crossover effects of parental hostility on parent–child relationship quality in a sample of 210 families. At child ages 3, 4, and 5, mothers and fathers completed questionnaires assessing feelings of hostility. In addition, mother–child and father–child dyadic relationship quality were coded at each age during naturalistic home observations. Results from structural equation analyses indicated that mother and father hostility were relatively stable over the 2 years period. Further, results were consistent with notions of fathering vulnerability, such that the father–child relationship might be especially susceptible to parental hostility. Possible compensatory processes, wherein mothers may compensate for father hostility, were also explored. Child and parent gender add further complexity to the results, as the father–son relationship appears most susceptible to crossover effects of parental hostility, whereas the father–daughter relationship might be somewhat protected in the early childhood period. Findings from the current investigation highlight the need for broader perspectives on family functioning, considering influences across family subsystems and the effects of both parent and child gender.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2107-2119
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Child and Family Studies
Volume24
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 11 2014

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Hostility
parents
father
Fathers
gender
Mothers
subsystem
vulnerability
childhood
Single-Parent Family
Aptitude
questionnaire
ability
Emotions
Parents

Keywords

  • Crossover
  • Fathering
  • Hostility
  • Parenting
  • Parent–child relationships

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

Cite this

Crossover Effects Among Parental Hostility and Parent–Child Relationships During the Preschool Period. / Newland, Rebecca P.; Ciciolla, Lucia; Crnic, Keith.

In: Journal of Child and Family Studies, Vol. 24, No. 7, 11.07.2014, p. 2107-2119.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Newland, Rebecca P. ; Ciciolla, Lucia ; Crnic, Keith. / Crossover Effects Among Parental Hostility and Parent–Child Relationships During the Preschool Period. In: Journal of Child and Family Studies. 2014 ; Vol. 24, No. 7. pp. 2107-2119.
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