Crossflow filtration of chromium hydroxide suspension by ceramic membranes: fouling and its minimization by backpulsing

R. Sondhi, Jerry Lin, F. Alvarez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

57 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Crossflow filtration experiments with Cr(OH)3 suspension as synthetic electroplating wastewater were performed in turbulent flow regime on a pilot filter unit, equipped with a backpulse device, using porous alumina ceramic membranes of various pore sizes (0.2-5.0μm). All membranes are fouled during filtration. Except for the 5.0μm pore membrane, the fouling process could not be described by a model considering only one of the pore blocking, pore constriction and cake formation fouling mechanisms reported in literature. However, a model considering all the three fouling mechanisms provides an improved description of the fouling process. Filtration experiments with and without backpulsing show that backpulsing is effective in reducing the fouling phenomenon resulting in up to five-fold increase in steady state permeate flux and 100% flux recovery. The permeate flux increases with increasing transmembrane pressure and crossflow velocity, both in the presence and absence of backpulsing. The membrane cleaning time during backpulse decreases with increasing backpulse amplitude and membrane pore size. However, feed concentration, pulse duration and interval do not have a significant effect. Filtration experiments with various backpulse conditions were conducted to identify the optimum forward and reverse filtration times that yield the maximum steady state permeate flux. Copyright (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)111-122
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume174
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 20 2000
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Ceramic membranes
Membrane fouling
fouling
Ceramics
Chromium
Fouling
hydroxides
chromium
Suspensions
ceramics
membranes
porosity
optimization
Membranes
Fluxes
Pore size
Electroplating
Aluminum Oxide
Experiments
electroplating

Keywords

  • Backpulsing
  • Ceramic membranes
  • Crossflow filtration
  • Fouling
  • Wastewater treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Filtration and Separation
  • Polymers and Plastics

Cite this

Crossflow filtration of chromium hydroxide suspension by ceramic membranes : fouling and its minimization by backpulsing. / Sondhi, R.; Lin, Jerry; Alvarez, F.

In: Journal of Membrane Science, Vol. 174, No. 1, 20.07.2000, p. 111-122.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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