Cross-sectional analysis of Alzheimer disease effects on oral discourse in a picture description task

Cheryl K. Tomoeda, Kathryn A. Bayles, Michael W. Trosset, Tamiko Azuma, Anna McGeagh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

To examine the relation of dementia severity to the quality and quantity of oral discourse of individuals with Alzheimer disease (AD), a picture description task was administered to elicit oral discourse samples from 63 AD subjects, five individuals with very mild cognitive impairment, and 52 normal controls. Eight measures of discourse were used: total words, information units, conciseness, circumlocutions, frustrations, aborted phrases, revisions, and ideational repetitions. Information units, which decreased with increased dementia severity, proved to be the best measure for evaluating the effects of AD on oral descriptive discourse. The conciseness index also decreased with increased dementia severity, and a significantly greater proportion of AD discourse samples contained ideational repetitions. Circumlocutions and frustrations rarely occurred, and although the discourse of AD subjects was more likely to contain an aborted phrase, the frequency of aborted phrases did not vary by stage of dementia. Revisions were commonly observed in the discourse of both normal controls and AD subjects and did not differentiate the two groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)204-215
Number of pages12
JournalAlzheimer Disease and Associated Disorders
Volume10
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 1996

Keywords

  • Communication
  • Dementia
  • Discourse
  • Language

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Gerontology
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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