Cross-layer design of distributed sensing-estimation with quality feedback - Part II: Myopic schemes

Nicolò Michelusi, Urbashi Mitra

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

This two-part paper presents a feedback-based cross-layer framework for distributed sensing and estimation of a dynamic process by a wireless sensor network (WSN). Sensor nodes wirelessly communicate measurements to the fusion center (FC). Cross-layer factors such as packet collisions and the sensing-transmission costs are considered. Each SN adapts its sensing-transmission action based on its own local observation quality and the estimation quality feedback from the FC under cost constraints for each SN. In this second part, low-complexity myopic sensing-transmission policies (MPs) are designed to optimize a trade-off between performance and the cost incurred by each SN. The MP is computed in closed form for a coordinated scheme, whereas an iterative algorithm is presented for a decentralized one, which converges to a local optimum. The MP dictates that, when the estimation quality is poor, only the best SNs activate, otherwise all SNs remain idle to preserve energy. For both schemes, the threshold on the estimation quality below which the SNs remain idle is derived in closed form, and is shown to be independent of the number of channels. It is also proved that a single channel suffices for severely energy constrained WSNs. The proposed MPs are shown to yield near-optimal performance with respect to the optimal policy of Part I, also in this issue, at a fraction of the complexity, thus being more suitable for practical WSN deployments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number7001684
Pages (from-to)1244-1258
Number of pages15
JournalIEEE Transactions on Signal Processing
Volume63
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2015
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • cross-layer optimization
  • Distributed estimation
  • Markov decision processes
  • wireless networks

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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