Critical ‘street race’ praxis: advancing the measurement of racial discrimination among diverse Latinx communities in the U.S

Edward D. Vargas, Melina Juarez, Lisa Cacari Stone, Nancy Lopez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Research demonstrates a causal link between increased exposure to racial discrimination and adverse health outcomes among diverse racial and ethnic populations in the U.S. However, most research on Latinx communities overlooks how discrimination varies according to individual accounts of how their race is perceived by others. To address this gap, our study draws from critical race theory to analyze a new multi-dimensional measure of racial status–‘street race’ and its association with discrimination experiences. We analyzed data from the 2015 Latino National Health and Immigration Survey (n = 1,493). Our main dependent variables are experiences of everyday discrimination and our explanatory variables are five mutually exclusive categories of ‘street race.’ We estimated a series of logistic regression models, which disaggregated the ‘street race’ measure, to better understand everyday discrimination experiences across street race categories. We found that Latinxs who are racialized on the street as Black or as Arab/Middle-Eastern relative to White were more likely to have experienced discrimination because of their race/ethnicity. They were also more likely to have experienced discrimination in the employment domain, by police, in the housing market, as consumers in shops or restaurants, and while receiving medical care. Employing a critical race approach, our study expands the conceptual measurement of discrimination to incorporate a more nuanced approach that captures interpersonal racism based on ‘street race.’ Further research will benefit from employing our ‘Critical Street-Race’ theory for developing equity-focused multi-level interventions at the interpersonal, community, and policy levels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalCritical Public Health
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

Racism
Logistic Models
Research
Restaurants
Emigration and Immigration
Police
Health Surveys
Hispanic Americans

Keywords

  • critical race theory
  • discrimination
  • Latino/a/x
  • population health
  • racism
  • Street race

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Critical ‘street race’ praxis : advancing the measurement of racial discrimination among diverse Latinx communities in the U.S. / Vargas, Edward D.; Juarez, Melina; Stone, Lisa Cacari; Lopez, Nancy.

In: Critical Public Health, 01.01.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{45f746ea8fa346478e63820197a291e3,
title = "Critical ‘street race’ praxis: advancing the measurement of racial discrimination among diverse Latinx communities in the U.S",
abstract = "Research demonstrates a causal link between increased exposure to racial discrimination and adverse health outcomes among diverse racial and ethnic populations in the U.S. However, most research on Latinx communities overlooks how discrimination varies according to individual accounts of how their race is perceived by others. To address this gap, our study draws from critical race theory to analyze a new multi-dimensional measure of racial status–‘street race’ and its association with discrimination experiences. We analyzed data from the 2015 Latino National Health and Immigration Survey (n = 1,493). Our main dependent variables are experiences of everyday discrimination and our explanatory variables are five mutually exclusive categories of ‘street race.’ We estimated a series of logistic regression models, which disaggregated the ‘street race’ measure, to better understand everyday discrimination experiences across street race categories. We found that Latinxs who are racialized on the street as Black or as Arab/Middle-Eastern relative to White were more likely to have experienced discrimination because of their race/ethnicity. They were also more likely to have experienced discrimination in the employment domain, by police, in the housing market, as consumers in shops or restaurants, and while receiving medical care. Employing a critical race approach, our study expands the conceptual measurement of discrimination to incorporate a more nuanced approach that captures interpersonal racism based on ‘street race.’ Further research will benefit from employing our ‘Critical Street-Race’ theory for developing equity-focused multi-level interventions at the interpersonal, community, and policy levels.",
keywords = "critical race theory, discrimination, Latino/a/x, population health, racism, Street race",
author = "Vargas, {Edward D.} and Melina Juarez and Stone, {Lisa Cacari} and Nancy Lopez",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1080/09581596.2019.1695040",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Critical Public Health",
issn = "0958-1596",
publisher = "Routledge",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Critical ‘street race’ praxis

T2 - advancing the measurement of racial discrimination among diverse Latinx communities in the U.S

AU - Vargas, Edward D.

AU - Juarez, Melina

AU - Stone, Lisa Cacari

AU - Lopez, Nancy

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Research demonstrates a causal link between increased exposure to racial discrimination and adverse health outcomes among diverse racial and ethnic populations in the U.S. However, most research on Latinx communities overlooks how discrimination varies according to individual accounts of how their race is perceived by others. To address this gap, our study draws from critical race theory to analyze a new multi-dimensional measure of racial status–‘street race’ and its association with discrimination experiences. We analyzed data from the 2015 Latino National Health and Immigration Survey (n = 1,493). Our main dependent variables are experiences of everyday discrimination and our explanatory variables are five mutually exclusive categories of ‘street race.’ We estimated a series of logistic regression models, which disaggregated the ‘street race’ measure, to better understand everyday discrimination experiences across street race categories. We found that Latinxs who are racialized on the street as Black or as Arab/Middle-Eastern relative to White were more likely to have experienced discrimination because of their race/ethnicity. They were also more likely to have experienced discrimination in the employment domain, by police, in the housing market, as consumers in shops or restaurants, and while receiving medical care. Employing a critical race approach, our study expands the conceptual measurement of discrimination to incorporate a more nuanced approach that captures interpersonal racism based on ‘street race.’ Further research will benefit from employing our ‘Critical Street-Race’ theory for developing equity-focused multi-level interventions at the interpersonal, community, and policy levels.

AB - Research demonstrates a causal link between increased exposure to racial discrimination and adverse health outcomes among diverse racial and ethnic populations in the U.S. However, most research on Latinx communities overlooks how discrimination varies according to individual accounts of how their race is perceived by others. To address this gap, our study draws from critical race theory to analyze a new multi-dimensional measure of racial status–‘street race’ and its association with discrimination experiences. We analyzed data from the 2015 Latino National Health and Immigration Survey (n = 1,493). Our main dependent variables are experiences of everyday discrimination and our explanatory variables are five mutually exclusive categories of ‘street race.’ We estimated a series of logistic regression models, which disaggregated the ‘street race’ measure, to better understand everyday discrimination experiences across street race categories. We found that Latinxs who are racialized on the street as Black or as Arab/Middle-Eastern relative to White were more likely to have experienced discrimination because of their race/ethnicity. They were also more likely to have experienced discrimination in the employment domain, by police, in the housing market, as consumers in shops or restaurants, and while receiving medical care. Employing a critical race approach, our study expands the conceptual measurement of discrimination to incorporate a more nuanced approach that captures interpersonal racism based on ‘street race.’ Further research will benefit from employing our ‘Critical Street-Race’ theory for developing equity-focused multi-level interventions at the interpersonal, community, and policy levels.

KW - critical race theory

KW - discrimination

KW - Latino/a/x

KW - population health

KW - racism

KW - Street race

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85075712408&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85075712408&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/09581596.2019.1695040

DO - 10.1080/09581596.2019.1695040

M3 - Article

AN - SCOPUS:85075712408

JO - Critical Public Health

JF - Critical Public Health

SN - 0958-1596

ER -