Critical evaluation and modeling of algal harvesting using dissolved air flotation

Xuezhi Zhang, John C. Hewson, Pasquale Amendola, Monica Reynoso, Milton Sommerfeld, Yongsheng Chen, Qiang Hu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

In this study, Chlorella zofingiensis harvesting by dissolved air flotation (DAF) was critically evaluated with regard to algal concentration, culture conditions, type and dosage of coagulants, and recycle ratio. Harvesting efficiency increased with coagulant dosage and leveled off at 81%, 86%, 91%, and 87% when chitosan, Al3+, Fe3+, and cetyl trimethylammonium bromide (CTAB) were used at dosages of 70, 180, 250, and 500mgg-1, respectively. The DAF efficiency-coagulant dosage relationship changed with algal culture conditions. Evaluation of the influence of the initial algal concentration and recycle ratio revealed that, under conditions typical for algal harvesting, it is possible that the number of bubbles is insufficient. A DAF algal harvesting model was developed to explain this observation by introducing mass-based floc size distributions and a bubble limitation into the white water blanket model. The model revealed the importance of coagulation to increase floc-bubble collision and attachment, and the preferential interaction of bubbles with larger flocs, which limited the availability of bubbles to the smaller sized flocs. The harvesting efficiencies predicted by the model agree reasonably with experimental data obtained at different Al3+ dosages, algal concentrations, and recycle ratios. Based on this modeling, critical parameters for efficient algal harvesting were identified. Biotechnol.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2477-2485
Number of pages9
JournalBiotechnology and bioengineering
Volume111
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2014

Keywords

  • Bubble
  • Chlorella
  • Coagulant
  • Flocs
  • Flotation
  • Model

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

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  • Cite this

    Zhang, X., Hewson, J. C., Amendola, P., Reynoso, M., Sommerfeld, M., Chen, Y., & Hu, Q. (2014). Critical evaluation and modeling of algal harvesting using dissolved air flotation. Biotechnology and bioengineering, 111(12), 2477-2485. https://doi.org/10.1002/bit.25300