Crisis intervention by social workers in fire departments: An innovative role for social workers

Joanne Cacciatore, Bonnie Carlson, Elizabeth Michaelis, Barbara Klimek, Sara Steffan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

This article describes a unique use of social workers as crisis response team (CRT) members in a nontraditional host setting, municipal fre departments in Arizona. The role of modernday firefighters has changed dramatically and now includes responding to a wide variety of crises and emergencies other than fires, such as motor vehicle accidents, family abuse, suicides, mental health incidents, accidents, and shootings. These traumatic events can lead to compassion fatigue in medically trained first responders who lack training to address the emotional needs of those involved in these crisis situations or to provide follow-up to ensure that their needs are met postemergency. Originally, CRTs were developed in these fire departments to address the needs of firefighters themselves. However, their functions have expanded to address the needs of customers served by the fire department, both at the scene and during the postintervention period. Using principles of crisis intervention and trauma theory, social workers and social work students placed in these agencies are benefiting both firefighters and community members served by the fire department.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)81-88
Number of pages8
JournalSocial work
Volume56
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2011

Keywords

  • Crisis intervention
  • Crisis theory
  • Critical incident
  • First responders
  • Trauma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science

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