Could Innovations in Policing have Contributed to the New York City Crime Drop even in a Period of Declining Police Strength?

The Case of Stop, Question and Frisk as a Hot Spots Policing Strategy

David Weisburd, Cody Telep, Brian A. Lawton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

45 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Available data make it impossible to reach strong conclusions about the role of policing in the New York crime decline. Instead, we examine whether innovations implemented in New York fit with what is known about effective policing strategies. Our main analysis focuses on how the New York City Police Department (NYPD) could have continued to contribute to the crime drop over the last decade when the number of police declined significantly. We examine geographic data on crime and stop, question and frisks (SQFs) to show that SQFs are concentrated at crime hot spots. We also show that the NYPD increased these specific hot spots policing strategies despite declining numbers. In our discussion, we speculate on whether this "doing more with less" could be an explanation for the continued crime drop in New York, noting the limitations of drawing conclusions from existing data. We also raise concerns about possible backfire effects of SQF hot spots approaches.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJustice Quarterly
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Police
Crime
police
offense
innovation

Keywords

  • crime decline
  • hot spots policing
  • New York City
  • police innovation
  • stop, question and frisk

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Law

Cite this

@article{3b513f327f56442cb3e55ccbdd809774,
title = "Could Innovations in Policing have Contributed to the New York City Crime Drop even in a Period of Declining Police Strength?: The Case of Stop, Question and Frisk as a Hot Spots Policing Strategy",
abstract = "Available data make it impossible to reach strong conclusions about the role of policing in the New York crime decline. Instead, we examine whether innovations implemented in New York fit with what is known about effective policing strategies. Our main analysis focuses on how the New York City Police Department (NYPD) could have continued to contribute to the crime drop over the last decade when the number of police declined significantly. We examine geographic data on crime and stop, question and frisks (SQFs) to show that SQFs are concentrated at crime hot spots. We also show that the NYPD increased these specific hot spots policing strategies despite declining numbers. In our discussion, we speculate on whether this {"}doing more with less{"} could be an explanation for the continued crime drop in New York, noting the limitations of drawing conclusions from existing data. We also raise concerns about possible backfire effects of SQF hot spots approaches.",
keywords = "crime decline, hot spots policing, New York City, police innovation, stop, question and frisk",
author = "David Weisburd and Cody Telep and Lawton, {Brian A.}",
year = "2013",
doi = "10.1080/07418825.2012.754920",
language = "English (US)",
journal = "Justice Quarterly",
issn = "0741-8825",
publisher = "Taylor and Francis Ltd.",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Could Innovations in Policing have Contributed to the New York City Crime Drop even in a Period of Declining Police Strength?

T2 - The Case of Stop, Question and Frisk as a Hot Spots Policing Strategy

AU - Weisburd, David

AU - Telep, Cody

AU - Lawton, Brian A.

PY - 2013

Y1 - 2013

N2 - Available data make it impossible to reach strong conclusions about the role of policing in the New York crime decline. Instead, we examine whether innovations implemented in New York fit with what is known about effective policing strategies. Our main analysis focuses on how the New York City Police Department (NYPD) could have continued to contribute to the crime drop over the last decade when the number of police declined significantly. We examine geographic data on crime and stop, question and frisks (SQFs) to show that SQFs are concentrated at crime hot spots. We also show that the NYPD increased these specific hot spots policing strategies despite declining numbers. In our discussion, we speculate on whether this "doing more with less" could be an explanation for the continued crime drop in New York, noting the limitations of drawing conclusions from existing data. We also raise concerns about possible backfire effects of SQF hot spots approaches.

AB - Available data make it impossible to reach strong conclusions about the role of policing in the New York crime decline. Instead, we examine whether innovations implemented in New York fit with what is known about effective policing strategies. Our main analysis focuses on how the New York City Police Department (NYPD) could have continued to contribute to the crime drop over the last decade when the number of police declined significantly. We examine geographic data on crime and stop, question and frisks (SQFs) to show that SQFs are concentrated at crime hot spots. We also show that the NYPD increased these specific hot spots policing strategies despite declining numbers. In our discussion, we speculate on whether this "doing more with less" could be an explanation for the continued crime drop in New York, noting the limitations of drawing conclusions from existing data. We also raise concerns about possible backfire effects of SQF hot spots approaches.

KW - crime decline

KW - hot spots policing

KW - New York City

KW - police innovation

KW - stop, question and frisk

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84872198242&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84872198242&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/07418825.2012.754920

DO - 10.1080/07418825.2012.754920

M3 - Article

JO - Justice Quarterly

JF - Justice Quarterly

SN - 0741-8825

ER -