CO2 capture using particulate silica aerogel immobilized with tetraethylenepentamine

Nick Linneen, Robert Pfeffer, Jerry Lin

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

53 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A high capacity CO2 sorbent was developed using high porosity hydrophilic and hydrophobic silica aerogel impregnated with tetraethylenepentamine (TEPA). Aerogel sorbents were characterized by thermogravimetric analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and nitrogen adsorption porosimetry for confirming the TEPA loadings and examining the residual porosity after modification. The aerogel sorbents appear to shrink during the drying step of amine impregnation while the surface chemistry of the support is altering the TEPA distribution within the pores. The adsorption performance was tested under pure and low CO2 partial pressure conditions at 75 C where the hydrophilic aerogel sorbents outperformed the hydrophobic sorbents. The 80 wt.% TEPA loaded hydrophilic sorbent achieved the largest capacity of 6.1 mmol/g in pure CO2 while also attaining 3.5 mmol/g under a dry 10% CO2/Ar stream. The sorbent also showed excellent cyclic stability having a working CO2 sorption capacity of 5.1 mmol/g over 10 cycles.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)123-131
Number of pages9
JournalMicroporous and Mesoporous Materials
Volume176
DOIs
StatePublished - 2013

Fingerprint

Aerogels
sorbents
aerogels
Sorbents
Silicon Dioxide
particulates
Silica
silicon dioxide
porosity
Porosity
Adsorption
adsorption
Fourier analysis
tetraethylenepentamine
Surface chemistry
Impregnation
Partial pressure
sorption
drying
Amines

Keywords

  • Adsorption
  • Aerogel
  • Carbon dioxide
  • Tetraethylenepentamine

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

Cite this

CO2 capture using particulate silica aerogel immobilized with tetraethylenepentamine. / Linneen, Nick; Pfeffer, Robert; Lin, Jerry.

In: Microporous and Mesoporous Materials, Vol. 176, 2013, p. 123-131.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - A high capacity CO2 sorbent was developed using high porosity hydrophilic and hydrophobic silica aerogel impregnated with tetraethylenepentamine (TEPA). Aerogel sorbents were characterized by thermogravimetric analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and nitrogen adsorption porosimetry for confirming the TEPA loadings and examining the residual porosity after modification. The aerogel sorbents appear to shrink during the drying step of amine impregnation while the surface chemistry of the support is altering the TEPA distribution within the pores. The adsorption performance was tested under pure and low CO2 partial pressure conditions at 75 C where the hydrophilic aerogel sorbents outperformed the hydrophobic sorbents. The 80 wt.% TEPA loaded hydrophilic sorbent achieved the largest capacity of 6.1 mmol/g in pure CO2 while also attaining 3.5 mmol/g under a dry 10% CO2/Ar stream. The sorbent also showed excellent cyclic stability having a working CO2 sorption capacity of 5.1 mmol/g over 10 cycles.

AB - A high capacity CO2 sorbent was developed using high porosity hydrophilic and hydrophobic silica aerogel impregnated with tetraethylenepentamine (TEPA). Aerogel sorbents were characterized by thermogravimetric analysis, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy, and nitrogen adsorption porosimetry for confirming the TEPA loadings and examining the residual porosity after modification. The aerogel sorbents appear to shrink during the drying step of amine impregnation while the surface chemistry of the support is altering the TEPA distribution within the pores. The adsorption performance was tested under pure and low CO2 partial pressure conditions at 75 C where the hydrophilic aerogel sorbents outperformed the hydrophobic sorbents. The 80 wt.% TEPA loaded hydrophilic sorbent achieved the largest capacity of 6.1 mmol/g in pure CO2 while also attaining 3.5 mmol/g under a dry 10% CO2/Ar stream. The sorbent also showed excellent cyclic stability having a working CO2 sorption capacity of 5.1 mmol/g over 10 cycles.

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