Cosmological bounds on tachyonic neutrinos

Paul Davies, Ian G. Moss

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

Recent time-of-flight measurements on muon neutrinos in the OPERA neutrino oscillation experiment have found anomalously short times compared to the light travel-times, corresponding to a superluminal velocity, v - 1 = 2.37 ± 0.32 × 10 -5 in units where c = 1. We show that cosmological bounds rule out an explanation involving a Lorentz invariant tachyonic neutrino. At the OPERA energy scale, nucleosynthesis constraints imply v - 1 < 0.86 × 10 -12 and the Cosmic Microwave Background observations imply v - 1 < 7.1 × 10 -23. The CMB limit on the velocity of a tachyon with an energy of 10 MeV is stronger than the SN 1987A limit. Superluminal neutrinos that could conceivably be observed at particle accelerator energy scales would have to be associated with Lorentz symmetry violation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)679-680
Number of pages2
JournalAstroparticle Physics
Volume35
Issue number10
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2012

Keywords

  • CMB
  • Cosmology
  • Neutrinos

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics

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