Correlating field performance to laboratory dynamic modulus from indirect tension and torsion bar

Shu Yang, Andrew Braham, Shane Underwood, Andrew Hanz, Gerald Reinke

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Abstract

Dynamic modulus has several useful functions in flexible pavements, including stress/strain characterization, rutting and cracking characterization, an input into several analytical and numerical models, and a primary input into PavementME Design. While the traditional dynamic modulus test is run in the uniaxial configuration, this is not possible for field cores. Therefore, the Indirect Tension dynamic modulus (IDT |E∗|) and torsion bar shear modulus (torsion bar |G∗|) have been developed. However, there has been limited research looking at analyzing the data from field cores for these two geometries, comparing modulus data from the two geometries, examining in-service aging of dynamic modulus, and quantifying pavement conditions using dynamic modulus. This research examines ten field sections in Arkansas, comprised of four "good" performing sections, two "medium" performing sections, and four "poor" performing sections in an attempt to address these four questions. First, this research found that using AASHTO T 342 and AASHTO R 62 can lead to irrational coefficients but provide rational results. Second, while the IDT |E∗| and torsion bar |G∗| values were similar at high modulus values, the IDT |E∗| values began to increase as the modulus decreased compared to the torsion bar |G∗| values, increasing to over a decade of difference. Third, a noticeable difference was observed between the modulus values of the bottom surface layer and top surface layer, with the bottom surface layer showing higher modulus values in all cases. While the upper surface layer showed higher oxidation, other weathering effects such as moisture and traffic appear to have overwhelmed the oxidation effect and pavement deterioration has reduced the integrity of the mix. Finally, both the IDT |E∗| and torsion bar |G∗| were not able to quantify a noticeable difference between poor and medium performing sections, and medium and good performing sections, but were able to quantify a difference between the poor and good behaving sections. Overall, the IDT |E∗| and torsion bar |G∗| tests were able to produce consistent master curves, correlate to each other, identify differences between surface course lifts, and quantify differences in field performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationAsphalt Paving Technology 2016 - Journal of the Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists, AAPT 2016
PublisherAssociation of Asphalt Paving Technologist
Pages131-162
Number of pages32
Volume85
ISBN (Electronic)9781605954042
DOIs
StatePublished - 2016
EventAsphalt Paving Technology 2016, AAPT 2016 - Indianapolis, United States
Duration: Mar 13 2016Mar 16 2016

Other

OtherAsphalt Paving Technology 2016, AAPT 2016
CountryUnited States
CityIndianapolis
Period3/13/163/16/16

Fingerprint

Torsional stress
Pavements
Oxidation
Geometry
Weathering
Deterioration
Numerical models
Analytical models
Moisture
Aging of materials
Elastic moduli

Keywords

  • Aging
  • Dynamic modulus
  • Field performance
  • IDT |E∗|
  • Torsion bar |G∗|

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering

Cite this

Yang, S., Braham, A., Underwood, S., Hanz, A., & Reinke, G. (2016). Correlating field performance to laboratory dynamic modulus from indirect tension and torsion bar. In Asphalt Paving Technology 2016 - Journal of the Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists, AAPT 2016 (Vol. 85, pp. 131-162). Association of Asphalt Paving Technologist. https://doi.org/10.1080/14680629.2015.1267438

Correlating field performance to laboratory dynamic modulus from indirect tension and torsion bar. / Yang, Shu; Braham, Andrew; Underwood, Shane; Hanz, Andrew; Reinke, Gerald.

Asphalt Paving Technology 2016 - Journal of the Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists, AAPT 2016. Vol. 85 Association of Asphalt Paving Technologist, 2016. p. 131-162.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

Yang, S, Braham, A, Underwood, S, Hanz, A & Reinke, G 2016, Correlating field performance to laboratory dynamic modulus from indirect tension and torsion bar. in Asphalt Paving Technology 2016 - Journal of the Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists, AAPT 2016. vol. 85, Association of Asphalt Paving Technologist, pp. 131-162, Asphalt Paving Technology 2016, AAPT 2016, Indianapolis, United States, 3/13/16. https://doi.org/10.1080/14680629.2015.1267438
Yang S, Braham A, Underwood S, Hanz A, Reinke G. Correlating field performance to laboratory dynamic modulus from indirect tension and torsion bar. In Asphalt Paving Technology 2016 - Journal of the Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists, AAPT 2016. Vol. 85. Association of Asphalt Paving Technologist. 2016. p. 131-162 https://doi.org/10.1080/14680629.2015.1267438
Yang, Shu ; Braham, Andrew ; Underwood, Shane ; Hanz, Andrew ; Reinke, Gerald. / Correlating field performance to laboratory dynamic modulus from indirect tension and torsion bar. Asphalt Paving Technology 2016 - Journal of the Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists, AAPT 2016. Vol. 85 Association of Asphalt Paving Technologist, 2016. pp. 131-162
@inproceedings{d05e163823894c26800ee601b633b806,
title = "Correlating field performance to laboratory dynamic modulus from indirect tension and torsion bar",
abstract = "Dynamic modulus has several useful functions in flexible pavements, including stress/strain characterization, rutting and cracking characterization, an input into several analytical and numerical models, and a primary input into PavementME Design. While the traditional dynamic modulus test is run in the uniaxial configuration, this is not possible for field cores. Therefore, the Indirect Tension dynamic modulus (IDT |E∗|) and torsion bar shear modulus (torsion bar |G∗|) have been developed. However, there has been limited research looking at analyzing the data from field cores for these two geometries, comparing modulus data from the two geometries, examining in-service aging of dynamic modulus, and quantifying pavement conditions using dynamic modulus. This research examines ten field sections in Arkansas, comprised of four {"}good{"} performing sections, two {"}medium{"} performing sections, and four {"}poor{"} performing sections in an attempt to address these four questions. First, this research found that using AASHTO T 342 and AASHTO R 62 can lead to irrational coefficients but provide rational results. Second, while the IDT |E∗| and torsion bar |G∗| values were similar at high modulus values, the IDT |E∗| values began to increase as the modulus decreased compared to the torsion bar |G∗| values, increasing to over a decade of difference. Third, a noticeable difference was observed between the modulus values of the bottom surface layer and top surface layer, with the bottom surface layer showing higher modulus values in all cases. While the upper surface layer showed higher oxidation, other weathering effects such as moisture and traffic appear to have overwhelmed the oxidation effect and pavement deterioration has reduced the integrity of the mix. Finally, both the IDT |E∗| and torsion bar |G∗| were not able to quantify a noticeable difference between poor and medium performing sections, and medium and good performing sections, but were able to quantify a difference between the poor and good behaving sections. Overall, the IDT |E∗| and torsion bar |G∗| tests were able to produce consistent master curves, correlate to each other, identify differences between surface course lifts, and quantify differences in field performance.",
keywords = "Aging, Dynamic modulus, Field performance, IDT |E∗|, Torsion bar |G∗|",
author = "Shu Yang and Andrew Braham and Shane Underwood and Andrew Hanz and Gerald Reinke",
year = "2016",
doi = "10.1080/14680629.2015.1267438",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "85",
pages = "131--162",
booktitle = "Asphalt Paving Technology 2016 - Journal of the Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists, AAPT 2016",
publisher = "Association of Asphalt Paving Technologist",

}

TY - GEN

T1 - Correlating field performance to laboratory dynamic modulus from indirect tension and torsion bar

AU - Yang, Shu

AU - Braham, Andrew

AU - Underwood, Shane

AU - Hanz, Andrew

AU - Reinke, Gerald

PY - 2016

Y1 - 2016

N2 - Dynamic modulus has several useful functions in flexible pavements, including stress/strain characterization, rutting and cracking characterization, an input into several analytical and numerical models, and a primary input into PavementME Design. While the traditional dynamic modulus test is run in the uniaxial configuration, this is not possible for field cores. Therefore, the Indirect Tension dynamic modulus (IDT |E∗|) and torsion bar shear modulus (torsion bar |G∗|) have been developed. However, there has been limited research looking at analyzing the data from field cores for these two geometries, comparing modulus data from the two geometries, examining in-service aging of dynamic modulus, and quantifying pavement conditions using dynamic modulus. This research examines ten field sections in Arkansas, comprised of four "good" performing sections, two "medium" performing sections, and four "poor" performing sections in an attempt to address these four questions. First, this research found that using AASHTO T 342 and AASHTO R 62 can lead to irrational coefficients but provide rational results. Second, while the IDT |E∗| and torsion bar |G∗| values were similar at high modulus values, the IDT |E∗| values began to increase as the modulus decreased compared to the torsion bar |G∗| values, increasing to over a decade of difference. Third, a noticeable difference was observed between the modulus values of the bottom surface layer and top surface layer, with the bottom surface layer showing higher modulus values in all cases. While the upper surface layer showed higher oxidation, other weathering effects such as moisture and traffic appear to have overwhelmed the oxidation effect and pavement deterioration has reduced the integrity of the mix. Finally, both the IDT |E∗| and torsion bar |G∗| were not able to quantify a noticeable difference between poor and medium performing sections, and medium and good performing sections, but were able to quantify a difference between the poor and good behaving sections. Overall, the IDT |E∗| and torsion bar |G∗| tests were able to produce consistent master curves, correlate to each other, identify differences between surface course lifts, and quantify differences in field performance.

AB - Dynamic modulus has several useful functions in flexible pavements, including stress/strain characterization, rutting and cracking characterization, an input into several analytical and numerical models, and a primary input into PavementME Design. While the traditional dynamic modulus test is run in the uniaxial configuration, this is not possible for field cores. Therefore, the Indirect Tension dynamic modulus (IDT |E∗|) and torsion bar shear modulus (torsion bar |G∗|) have been developed. However, there has been limited research looking at analyzing the data from field cores for these two geometries, comparing modulus data from the two geometries, examining in-service aging of dynamic modulus, and quantifying pavement conditions using dynamic modulus. This research examines ten field sections in Arkansas, comprised of four "good" performing sections, two "medium" performing sections, and four "poor" performing sections in an attempt to address these four questions. First, this research found that using AASHTO T 342 and AASHTO R 62 can lead to irrational coefficients but provide rational results. Second, while the IDT |E∗| and torsion bar |G∗| values were similar at high modulus values, the IDT |E∗| values began to increase as the modulus decreased compared to the torsion bar |G∗| values, increasing to over a decade of difference. Third, a noticeable difference was observed between the modulus values of the bottom surface layer and top surface layer, with the bottom surface layer showing higher modulus values in all cases. While the upper surface layer showed higher oxidation, other weathering effects such as moisture and traffic appear to have overwhelmed the oxidation effect and pavement deterioration has reduced the integrity of the mix. Finally, both the IDT |E∗| and torsion bar |G∗| were not able to quantify a noticeable difference between poor and medium performing sections, and medium and good performing sections, but were able to quantify a difference between the poor and good behaving sections. Overall, the IDT |E∗| and torsion bar |G∗| tests were able to produce consistent master curves, correlate to each other, identify differences between surface course lifts, and quantify differences in field performance.

KW - Aging

KW - Dynamic modulus

KW - Field performance

KW - IDT |E∗|

KW - Torsion bar |G∗|

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85018360246&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85018360246&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1080/14680629.2015.1267438

DO - 10.1080/14680629.2015.1267438

M3 - Conference contribution

AN - SCOPUS:85018360246

VL - 85

SP - 131

EP - 162

BT - Asphalt Paving Technology 2016 - Journal of the Association of Asphalt Paving Technologists, AAPT 2016

PB - Association of Asphalt Paving Technologist

ER -