Correlated atomic resolution microscopy and spectroscopy studies of Sn(Sb)O2 nanophase catalysts

K. Sun, Jingyue Liu, N. D. Browning

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

35 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A series of antimony-doped tin oxide (ATO), Sn(Sb)O2, nanophase catalysts (containing 43 mol% Sb calcined at temperatures of 250, 600, and 1000°C, respectively) have been studied by correlated electron energy-loss spectroscopy (EELS) and Z-contrast imaging in a scanning transmission electron microscope (STEM) and by high-resolution electron microscopy (HREM). As reference materials, pure SnO2, Sb2O3, and Sb2O5 are also analyzed. Results show that the particle size of these ATO catalysts increases with the calcination temperature. At low calcination temperatures, the catalyst contains crystalline nanoparticles surrounded by amorphous material, while the nanoparticles become well crystallized when calcined at higher temperatures. EEL spectra acquired from these ATO catalysts are qualitatively interpreted using 'fingerprints' from the reference materials. Results suggest that at low calcination temperatures (250°C), Sb exists in the pentavalent state Sb (V) either incorporated into the SnO2 lattice or as an amorphous layer surrounding the SnO2 crystals. At higher temperatures (≥600°C), Sb segregation occurs as trivalent Sb (III) at the surface and Sb (V) in the core of the majority of the nanoparticles. However, it should be noted that nearly no Sb was detected in some particles. The surface Sb (III) ions are proposed as active sites in the ATO catalysts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)266-277
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Catalysis
Volume205
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 2002
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Antimony
Microscopic examination
antimony
tin oxides
Spectroscopy
microscopy
Tin oxides
catalysts
Catalysts
roasting
Calcination
spectroscopy
nanoparticles
Nanoparticles
Temperature
temperature
amorphous materials
Electron energy loss spectroscopy
High resolution electron microscopy
electron microscopy

Keywords

  • ATO
  • Catalysts
  • EELS
  • HREM
  • Nanophase materials
  • STEM
  • Valence state
  • Z-contrast imaging

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Catalysis
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

Cite this

Correlated atomic resolution microscopy and spectroscopy studies of Sn(Sb)O2 nanophase catalysts. / Sun, K.; Liu, Jingyue; Browning, N. D.

In: Journal of Catalysis, Vol. 205, No. 2, 2002, p. 266-277.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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