Coping with pain: A component analysis of stress inoculation

John J. Horan, Gail Hackett, Jay D. Buchanan, Christopher I. Stone, Deborah Demchik-Stone

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

47 Scopus citations

Abstract

The stress inoculation paradigm for helping clients deal with pain consists of education about the psychological dimensions of pain à la Melzack, training in a number of coping skills relevant to each dimension, and practice in applying these skills to the noxious stimulus. In order to determine which of these treatment components have a reactive effect, 70 screened clients were randomly assigned to one of five treatment conditions. The cold pressor and pressure algometer tasks, respectively, yielded three direct and three generalization measures. On all direct measures coping skills training resulted in highly significant improvement. Neither education (i.e., insight)nor exposure had any effect. In comparison to a nonspecific treatment the stress inoculation package proved useful on two direct measures; however, on the generalization measures neither stress inoculation nor any of its components had any impact. Heart rate changes, observed for exploratory purposes, were consistent with current research and speculation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)211-221
Number of pages11
JournalCognitive Therapy and Research
Volume1
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 1977

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Clinical Psychology

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    Horan, J. J., Hackett, G., Buchanan, J. D., Stone, C. I., & Demchik-Stone, D. (1977). Coping with pain: A component analysis of stress inoculation. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 1(3), 211-221. https://doi.org/10.1007/BF01186794