Coordinates and Maps of the Apollo 17 Landing Site

Isabel Haase, Marita Wählisch, Philipp Gläser, Jürgen Oberst, Mark Robinson

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Abstract

    We carried out an extensive cartographic analysis of the Apollo 17 landing site and determined and mapped positions of the astronauts, their equipment, and lunar landmarks with accuracies of better than ±1 m in most cases. To determine coordinates in a lunar body-fixed coordinate frame, we applied least squares (2-D) network adjustments to angular measurements made in astronaut imagery (Hasselblad frames). The measured angular networks were accurately tied to lunar landmarks provided by a 0.5 m/pixel, controlled Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Camera (LROC) Narrow Angle Camera (NAC) orthomosaic of the entire Taurus-Littrow Valley. Furthermore, by applying triangulation on measurements made in Hasselblad frames providing stereo views, we were able to relate individual instruments of the Apollo Lunar Surface Experiment Package (ALSEP) to specific features captured in LROC imagery and, also, to determine coordinates of astronaut equipment or other surface features not captured in the orbital images, for example, the deployed geophones and Explosive Packages (EPs) of the Lunar Seismic Profiling Experiment (LSPE) or the Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV) at major sampling stops. Our results were integrated into a new LROC NAC-based Apollo 17 Traverse Map and also used to generate a series of large-scale maps of all nine traverse stations and of the ALSEP area. In addition, we provide crater measurements, profiles of the navigated traverse paths, and improved ranges of the sources and receivers of the active seismic experiment LSPE.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    JournalEarth and Space Science
    DOIs
    StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2019

    Fingerprint

    experiment
    imagery
    geophone
    triangulation
    crater
    explosive
    pixel
    valley
    sampling
    station
    analysis
    vehicle

    Keywords

    • Apollo 17
    • Hasselblad
    • LROC NAC DTM
    • planetary cartography
    • position determination
    • traverse map

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Environmental Science (miscellaneous)
    • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

    Cite this

    Coordinates and Maps of the Apollo 17 Landing Site. / Haase, Isabel; Wählisch, Marita; Gläser, Philipp; Oberst, Jürgen; Robinson, Mark.

    In: Earth and Space Science, 01.01.2019.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Haase, Isabel ; Wählisch, Marita ; Gläser, Philipp ; Oberst, Jürgen ; Robinson, Mark. / Coordinates and Maps of the Apollo 17 Landing Site. In: Earth and Space Science. 2019.
    @article{6fdae221a613422a90eb8259b2a1a147,
    title = "Coordinates and Maps of the Apollo 17 Landing Site",
    abstract = "We carried out an extensive cartographic analysis of the Apollo 17 landing site and determined and mapped positions of the astronauts, their equipment, and lunar landmarks with accuracies of better than ±1 m in most cases. To determine coordinates in a lunar body-fixed coordinate frame, we applied least squares (2-D) network adjustments to angular measurements made in astronaut imagery (Hasselblad frames). The measured angular networks were accurately tied to lunar landmarks provided by a 0.5 m/pixel, controlled Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Camera (LROC) Narrow Angle Camera (NAC) orthomosaic of the entire Taurus-Littrow Valley. Furthermore, by applying triangulation on measurements made in Hasselblad frames providing stereo views, we were able to relate individual instruments of the Apollo Lunar Surface Experiment Package (ALSEP) to specific features captured in LROC imagery and, also, to determine coordinates of astronaut equipment or other surface features not captured in the orbital images, for example, the deployed geophones and Explosive Packages (EPs) of the Lunar Seismic Profiling Experiment (LSPE) or the Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV) at major sampling stops. Our results were integrated into a new LROC NAC-based Apollo 17 Traverse Map and also used to generate a series of large-scale maps of all nine traverse stations and of the ALSEP area. In addition, we provide crater measurements, profiles of the navigated traverse paths, and improved ranges of the sources and receivers of the active seismic experiment LSPE.",
    keywords = "Apollo 17, Hasselblad, LROC NAC DTM, planetary cartography, position determination, traverse map",
    author = "Isabel Haase and Marita W{\"a}hlisch and Philipp Gl{\"a}ser and J{\"u}rgen Oberst and Mark Robinson",
    year = "2019",
    month = "1",
    day = "1",
    doi = "10.1029/2018EA000408",
    language = "English (US)",
    journal = "Earth and Space Science",
    issn = "2333-5084",
    publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell Publishing Ltd",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Coordinates and Maps of the Apollo 17 Landing Site

    AU - Haase, Isabel

    AU - Wählisch, Marita

    AU - Gläser, Philipp

    AU - Oberst, Jürgen

    AU - Robinson, Mark

    PY - 2019/1/1

    Y1 - 2019/1/1

    N2 - We carried out an extensive cartographic analysis of the Apollo 17 landing site and determined and mapped positions of the astronauts, their equipment, and lunar landmarks with accuracies of better than ±1 m in most cases. To determine coordinates in a lunar body-fixed coordinate frame, we applied least squares (2-D) network adjustments to angular measurements made in astronaut imagery (Hasselblad frames). The measured angular networks were accurately tied to lunar landmarks provided by a 0.5 m/pixel, controlled Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Camera (LROC) Narrow Angle Camera (NAC) orthomosaic of the entire Taurus-Littrow Valley. Furthermore, by applying triangulation on measurements made in Hasselblad frames providing stereo views, we were able to relate individual instruments of the Apollo Lunar Surface Experiment Package (ALSEP) to specific features captured in LROC imagery and, also, to determine coordinates of astronaut equipment or other surface features not captured in the orbital images, for example, the deployed geophones and Explosive Packages (EPs) of the Lunar Seismic Profiling Experiment (LSPE) or the Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV) at major sampling stops. Our results were integrated into a new LROC NAC-based Apollo 17 Traverse Map and also used to generate a series of large-scale maps of all nine traverse stations and of the ALSEP area. In addition, we provide crater measurements, profiles of the navigated traverse paths, and improved ranges of the sources and receivers of the active seismic experiment LSPE.

    AB - We carried out an extensive cartographic analysis of the Apollo 17 landing site and determined and mapped positions of the astronauts, their equipment, and lunar landmarks with accuracies of better than ±1 m in most cases. To determine coordinates in a lunar body-fixed coordinate frame, we applied least squares (2-D) network adjustments to angular measurements made in astronaut imagery (Hasselblad frames). The measured angular networks were accurately tied to lunar landmarks provided by a 0.5 m/pixel, controlled Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter Camera (LROC) Narrow Angle Camera (NAC) orthomosaic of the entire Taurus-Littrow Valley. Furthermore, by applying triangulation on measurements made in Hasselblad frames providing stereo views, we were able to relate individual instruments of the Apollo Lunar Surface Experiment Package (ALSEP) to specific features captured in LROC imagery and, also, to determine coordinates of astronaut equipment or other surface features not captured in the orbital images, for example, the deployed geophones and Explosive Packages (EPs) of the Lunar Seismic Profiling Experiment (LSPE) or the Lunar Roving Vehicle (LRV) at major sampling stops. Our results were integrated into a new LROC NAC-based Apollo 17 Traverse Map and also used to generate a series of large-scale maps of all nine traverse stations and of the ALSEP area. In addition, we provide crater measurements, profiles of the navigated traverse paths, and improved ranges of the sources and receivers of the active seismic experiment LSPE.

    KW - Apollo 17

    KW - Hasselblad

    KW - LROC NAC DTM

    KW - planetary cartography

    KW - position determination

    KW - traverse map

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85059877774&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85059877774&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1029/2018EA000408

    DO - 10.1029/2018EA000408

    M3 - Article

    JO - Earth and Space Science

    JF - Earth and Space Science

    SN - 2333-5084

    ER -