Cooperative R&D in government laboratories: comparing the US and Japan

Barry Bozeman, Sanjay Pandey

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Cooperative technology policy activities of US and Japanese government laboratories are compared to determine the extent, structural patterns, motives, and consequences of cooperative R&D. Based on survey data from US federal laboratories and Japanese national laboratories, the study shows that government laboratories of the respective nations are quite similar with regard to laboratory missions and motives for cooperative R&D. But the labs' cooperative R&D activities diverge in several ways. First, compared to Japanese government labs, US government labs have, on average, more than twice as many cooperative R&D agreements. However, Japanese labs have a higher percentage of agreements with industry and nonprofit organizations, and with foreign organizations. US laboratories with a larger number of cooperative R&D agreements have a larger number of patents and somewhat higher ratings of technology transfer effectiveness. Japanese labs with a larger number of R&D agreements also have more patents but lower ratings of technology transfer effectiveness. Finally, lab directors in the US and Japan diverge considerably in their assessments of the contribution of cooperative R&D to the effectiveness of various lab research missions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)145-159
Number of pages15
JournalTechnovation
Volume14
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 1994
Externally publishedYes

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Technology transfer
Japan
Government
Industry
Patents
Transfer of technology
Rating
Nonprofit organization
Survey data
Technology policy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation

Cite this

Cooperative R&D in government laboratories : comparing the US and Japan. / Bozeman, Barry; Pandey, Sanjay.

In: Technovation, Vol. 14, No. 3, 1994, p. 145-159.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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