Cooling strategy for effective automotive power trains: 3D thermal modeling and multi-faceted approach for integrating thermoelectric modules into proton exchange membrane fuel cell stack

Abdel Mayyas, Dilip Ramani, Arunachala Mada Kannan, Keng Hsu, Ahmad Mayyas, Tony Schwenn

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

The 3D Thermal modeling utilizes a Finite Differencing heat alteration method augmented with empirical boundary conditions is employed to develop 3D thermal model for the integration of thermoelectric modules with proton exchange membrane fuel cell stack. Hardware-in-Loop was designed under pre-defined drive cycle to obtain fuel cell performance parameters along with anode and cathode gas flow-rates and surface temperatures. The fuel cell model is used to conjugate the experimental boundary conditions with the Finite Differencing code, which implemented heat generation across the stack to depict the chemical composition process. The structural and temporal temperature contours obtained from this model are in compliance with the actual recordings obtained from the infrared detector and thermocouples. The model is harmonized with thermo-electric modules with a modeling strategy, which enables optimize better temporal profile across the stack. This study presents the improvement of a 3D thermal model for proton exchange membrane fuel cell stack along with the interfaced thermo-electric module. The model provided a virtual environment using a model-based design approach to assist the design engineers to manipulate the design correction earlier in the process and eliminate the need for costly and time consuming prototypes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)17327-17335
Number of pages9
JournalInternational Journal of Hydrogen Energy
Volume39
Issue number30
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 13 2014

Keywords

  • Finite differencing code
  • Hardware-in-Loop
  • Infrared detector
  • Proton exchange membrane fuel cell
  • Thermal model
  • Thermoelectric module

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Fuel Technology
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology

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