Controllable synthesis of bifunctional porous carbon for efficient gas-mixture separation and high-performance supercapacitor

Jun Wang, Peixin Zhang, Lu Liu, Yan Zhang, Jiangfeng Yang, Zheling Zeng, Shuguang Deng

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

74 Scopus citations

Abstract

It is notably challenging to fabricate controllable heteroatom-doped porous carbons for both highly effective mixed-gas separation and supercapacitor electrodes. In this work, novel algae-derived nitrogen-containing porous carbons were prepared as bifunctional materials. The pore structure of obtained carbons could be easily tailored by altering activation temperature or porogen/biomass ratio. The as-prepared porous carbon has a very high specific surface area of 1538.7 m2 g−1 and a large pore volume of 0.99 cm3 g−1 with a high N content of 2.77 wt%. As a solid-state adsorbent, the algae-derived carbon has an excellent CO2 adsorption capacity of 5.7 and 3.9 mmol g−1 at 273 and 298 K, respectively. The extraordinarily high CO2/N2, CO2/CH4, and CH4/N2 selectivity are demonstrated by the ideal adsorption solution theory (IAST) calculation and dynamic adsorption breakthrough experiments. As an electroactive material, the porous carbon exhibits outstanding capacitive performance in 6 M KOH aqueous electrolyte, with the specific capacitance of 287.7 and 190.0 F g−1 at 0.2 A g−1 in a three- and two-electrode system, respectively. Furthermore, the obtained carbon shows outstanding rate capability of 79.3% at 10 A g−1 and unprecedented cycling stability with 98% capacitance retention at 10 A g−1 after 8000 cycles as coin cell. This report introduces a biomass-derived and low-cost pathway to design porous carbon materials for efficient solid adsorbents and supercapacitive electrode materials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)57-66
Number of pages10
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Volume348
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 15 2018

Keywords

  • Bifunctional material
  • CO capture
  • Gas-mixture separation
  • Porous carbon
  • Supercapacitor electrode

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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