Thermoelectric coolers based on the Peltier effect have been utilized to control temperature gradient to study thermal effects in both bulk and thin film samples. The temperature gradient is controlled by two coolers and the polarity of the thermal gradient can be reversed by reversing an electric driven voltage. With appropriate controlled thermal gradient using this technique, the Nernst and the Seebeck effects can be measured in both bulk and thin film samples free of spurious contributions. In an arbitrary direction of thermal gradient, the Seebeck and the Nernst components can be decomposed from the measured signal based on the symmetry of the effects in a magnetic field.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Physics and Astronomy(all)