This paper proposes a new methodology to control a three-phase boost power factor correction (PFC) using a single dc output voltage sensor. Typically, a PFC control technique requires measurement from five independent sensors, i.e., two input voltages, one output dc voltage, and two input phase currents. Elimination of four sensors in the control system of a PFC converter is theoretically feasible and implementable without compromising stability and power quality of the converter, as analyzed and presented in this paper. The proposed control technique uses the ripple information of the measured dc-link voltage, converter dynamics, and switching states at a preceding sample in order to estimate the present state of four other unknown state variables and, thus, establishes the control method. A 2.2-kW experimental prototype of a three-phase boost PFC is developed and tested to verify the accuracy and applicability of the proposed control logic at different line and load conditions. According to the experimental measurements, conversion efficiency more than 98%, total harmonic distortion as low as 4.3%, and an output voltage ripple of ±2% are achieved at 2.2-kW output power.
- Boost rectifier
- converter dynamics
- power factor correction (PFC)
- sensorless control
- three phase
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering