Zur Physiologie der Gast-Wirt-Beziehungen (Myrmecophilie) bei Ameisen - I. Das Gastverhältnis der Atemeles- und Lomechusa-Larven (Col. Staphylinidae) zu Formica (Hym. Formicidae)

Translated title of the contribution: Contribution to the physiology of the guest-host-relations (myrmecophily) in ants - I. The relation between the myrmecophilic Atemeles- and Lomechusa-larvae and Formica

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

1. The larvae of the myrmecophilic beetles Lomechusa strumosa and Atemeles pubicollis which live in the nests of ants (Formica), are treated by their hosts like their own brood. 2. The begging behaviour of the guest-larvae is similar to the begging of Formica-larvae, but more intense. 3. By means of radioactive tracers it was shown, that the guest-larvae are strong competitors of the host-larvae for food. 4. The guest-larvae secret substances through their body surface which are highly attractive to the ants and are licked up by them. In the guest-Larvae dorsolaterally epidermal glands were found which presumably produce the attractants. 5. The attractants can be extracted with acetone. Dummies soaked in extracts became attractive and were treated like own brood by ants. 6. It is assumed that the guest larvae mimick ant-larvae both in their attractive substances and in their behaviour.

Original languageGerman
Pages (from-to)1-21
Number of pages21
JournalZeitschrift für Vergleichende Physiologie
Volume56
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1967
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Hospital-Patient Relations
myrmecophily
Formica
Ants
ant
physiology
Larva
Formicidae
larva
larvae
attractants
attractant
insect larvae
radiolabeling
ant nests
begging behavior
Radioactive Tracers
acetone
Beetles
Acetone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Physiology
  • Animal Science and Zoology

Cite this

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title = "Zur Physiologie der Gast-Wirt-Beziehungen (Myrmecophilie) bei Ameisen - I. Das Gastverh{\"a}ltnis der Atemeles- und Lomechusa-Larven (Col. Staphylinidae) zu Formica (Hym. Formicidae)",
abstract = "1. The larvae of the myrmecophilic beetles Lomechusa strumosa and Atemeles pubicollis which live in the nests of ants (Formica), are treated by their hosts like their own brood. 2. The begging behaviour of the guest-larvae is similar to the begging of Formica-larvae, but more intense. 3. By means of radioactive tracers it was shown, that the guest-larvae are strong competitors of the host-larvae for food. 4. The guest-larvae secret substances through their body surface which are highly attractive to the ants and are licked up by them. In the guest-Larvae dorsolaterally epidermal glands were found which presumably produce the attractants. 5. The attractants can be extracted with acetone. Dummies soaked in extracts became attractive and were treated like own brood by ants. 6. It is assumed that the guest larvae mimick ant-larvae both in their attractive substances and in their behaviour.",
author = "Berthold Hoelldobler",
year = "1967",
month = "3",
doi = "10.1007/BF00333561",
language = "German",
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journal = "Journal of Comparative Physiology A: Neuroethology, Sensory, Neural, and Behavioral Physiology",
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AU - Hoelldobler, Berthold

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N2 - 1. The larvae of the myrmecophilic beetles Lomechusa strumosa and Atemeles pubicollis which live in the nests of ants (Formica), are treated by their hosts like their own brood. 2. The begging behaviour of the guest-larvae is similar to the begging of Formica-larvae, but more intense. 3. By means of radioactive tracers it was shown, that the guest-larvae are strong competitors of the host-larvae for food. 4. The guest-larvae secret substances through their body surface which are highly attractive to the ants and are licked up by them. In the guest-Larvae dorsolaterally epidermal glands were found which presumably produce the attractants. 5. The attractants can be extracted with acetone. Dummies soaked in extracts became attractive and were treated like own brood by ants. 6. It is assumed that the guest larvae mimick ant-larvae both in their attractive substances and in their behaviour.

AB - 1. The larvae of the myrmecophilic beetles Lomechusa strumosa and Atemeles pubicollis which live in the nests of ants (Formica), are treated by their hosts like their own brood. 2. The begging behaviour of the guest-larvae is similar to the begging of Formica-larvae, but more intense. 3. By means of radioactive tracers it was shown, that the guest-larvae are strong competitors of the host-larvae for food. 4. The guest-larvae secret substances through their body surface which are highly attractive to the ants and are licked up by them. In the guest-Larvae dorsolaterally epidermal glands were found which presumably produce the attractants. 5. The attractants can be extracted with acetone. Dummies soaked in extracts became attractive and were treated like own brood by ants. 6. It is assumed that the guest larvae mimick ant-larvae both in their attractive substances and in their behaviour.

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