Constructing stem cell microenvironments using bioengineering approaches

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

22 Scopus citations

Abstract

Within the adult organism, stem cells reside in defined anatomical microenvironments called niches. These architecturally diverse microenvironments serve to balance stem cell self-renewal and differentiation. Proper regulation of this balance is instrumental to tissue repair and homeostasis, and any imbalance can potentially lead to diseases such as cancer. Within each of these microenvironments, a myriad of chemical and physical stimuli interact in a complex (synergistic or antagonistic) manner to tightly regulate stem cell fate. The in vitro replication of these in vivo microenvironments will be necessary for the application of stem cells for disease modeling, drug discovery, and regenerative medicine purposes. However, traditional reductionist approaches have only led to the generation of cell culture methods that poorly recapitulate the in vivo microenvironment. To that end, novel engineering and systems biology approaches have allowed for the investigation of the biological and mechanical stimuli that govern stem cell fate. In this review, the application of these technologies for the dissection of stem cell microenvironments will be analyzed. Moreover, the use of these engineering approaches to construct in vitro stem cell microenvironments that precisely control stem cell fate and function will be reviewed. Finally, the emerging trend of using high-throughput, combinatorial methods for the stepwise engineering of stem cell microenvironments will be explored.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1123-1135
Number of pages13
JournalPhysiological genomics
Volume45
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2013
Externally publishedYes

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Keywords

  • Biomaterials
  • Biophysical
  • Cell-cell interactions
  • Extracellular matrix
  • High-throughput
  • Microenvironment
  • Stem cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Genetics

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