Constraints on the Electromagnetic Counterpart of the Neutron-star-Black-hole Merger GW200115

S. Dichiara, R. L. Becerra, E. A. Chase, E. Troja, W. H. Lee, A. M. Watson, N. R. Butler, B. O'connor, M. Pereyra, K. O.C. López, A. Y. Lien, A. Gottlieb, A. S. Kutyrev

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

We report the results of our follow-up campaign for the neutron-star - black-hole (NSBH) merger GW200115 detected during the O3 run of the Advanced LIGO and Advanced Virgo detectors. We obtained wide-field observations with the Deca-Degree Optical Transient Imager covering ∼20% of the total probability area down to a limiting magnitude of w = 20.5 AB at ∼23 hr after the merger. Our search for counterparts returns a single candidate (AT2020aeo), likely not associated with the merger. In total, only 25 sources of interest were identified by the community and later discarded as unrelated to the GW event. We compare our upper limits with the emission predicted by state-of-the-art kilonova simulations and disfavor high-mass ejecta (>0.1 M o˙), indicating that the spin of the system is not particularly high. By combining our optical limits with gamma-ray constraints from Swift and Fermi, we disfavor the presence of a standard short-duration burst for viewing angles ≲15 from the jet axis. Our conclusions are, however, limited by the large localization region of this GW event, and accurate prompt positions remain crucial to improving the efficiency of follow-up efforts.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberL32
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Volume923
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 20 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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