Congestion, quality deterioration, and optimal use: Wilderness recreation in the Spanish peaks primitive area

Charles J. Cicchetti, V. Kerry Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

76 Scopus citations


With increasing demand for low-density recreational services and limited supply of facilities to provide them, congestion is becoming an important management problem. The purpose of this paper is to outline a model of congestion, estimate the effect of it upon individual willingness to pay for wilderness experiences, and illustrate how these results might be used for efficient management. A survey of users of the Spanish Peaks Primitive Area indicates that their revealed willingness to pay is significantly affected by encroachments upon the solitude they experience during their trip. Consequently, congestion effects for such services can be measured and used in the formation of administrative policy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)15-30
Number of pages16
JournalSocial Science Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1973
Externally publishedYes


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this