Configurable-ECC: Architecting a flexible ECC scheme to support different sized accesses in high bandwidth memory systems

Hsing Min Chen, Shin Ying Lee, Trevor Mudge, Carole-Jean Wu, Chaitali Chakrabarti

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Designing error correction code (ECC) to guarantee strong reliability for high bandwidth memory (HBM) is imperative in high performance computers, especially for systems equipped with graphics processing units (GPUs). The design of ECC is challenging because future GPUs are expected to implement a memory subsystem supporting fine and coarse-grained data accesses to match the difference in the spatial locality of GPGPU applications. Current ECC designs, however, are developed for a fixed data fetch granularity. To have a more flexible design, we propose a novel memory protection scheme, called Config(urable)-ECC, which provides strong reliability for both fine and coarse-grained data accesses. Config-ECC consists of two tiers of ECC protection. The tier-1 code is a strong product code that can correct errors due to small granularity faults and detect errors caused by large granularity faults. The tier-2 code is an XOR-based code that is employed to correct errors incurred by large granularity faults. Config-ECC provides stronger reliability and/or lower energy consumption compared to state-of-the-art fixed 32B and 64B ECC schemes. It reduces the HBM energy by 17-21 percent while reducing the failure in time (FIT) rate by 20 times compared to a state-of-the-art fixed 64B ECC scheme with an insignificant 1.2 percent performance overhead.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8576671
Pages (from-to)646-659
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Computers
Volume68
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2019

Keywords

  • 3D DRAM
  • error control coding and GPU
  • memory reliability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Computational Theory and Mathematics

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