Concomitant reduction of matrix metalloproteinase-2 secretion and intracellular reactive oxygen species following anti-sense inhibition of telomerase activity in PC-3 prostate carcinoma cells

Ahmad Shariftabrizi, Mohammad Reza Khorramizadeh, Farshid Saadat, Kamran Alimoghadam, Farnaz Safavifar, Mohammad Reza Ebrahimkhani

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: The level of activity of the telomerase has been shown to correlate with the degree of invasiveness in several tumor types. In addition, cellular redox state is believed to regulate the secretion of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2). Aims: To determine the effect of anti-sense telomerase treatment of prostate cancer cells on MMP-2 activity, and the reactive oxygen and nitrogen species (two effectors of cellular redox state). Methods: Anti-sense oligonucleotide against RNA component of human telomerase (hTR) was introduced into the cells using Fugene-6 transfection reagent. The activity of telomerase was assessed using Telomere Repeat Amplification Protocol (TRAP assay). Activity of matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) was determined by zymography. Levels of intracellular reactive oxygen species (ROS) and nitric oxide metabolites were measured by dichlorofluorescein diacetate (DCFH-DA) staining and Griess reagent, respectively. The level of apoptosis was determined using TUNEL assay. Results: TRAP assay showed more than 90% inhibition of telomerase activity after 72 h of transfection. Pro-MMP-2 activity was decreased down to 50% of the control levels. Intracellular reactive oxygen species were also significantly decreased. Neither apoptosis rate nor the level of nitric oxide metabolites was significantly different between anti-sense treated and control cells. Conclusions: Concomitant reduction of the pro-MMP-2 secretion and ROS in PC-3 cells following hTR inhibition suggests that over-activity of telomerase in cancer cells might increase the level of matrix metalloproteinase-2 and thus, be directly involved in the invasion process through enhancement of intracellular oxidative stress.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)109-116
Number of pages8
JournalMolecular and Cellular Biochemistry
Volume273
Issue number1-2
DOIs
StatePublished - May 1 2005

Keywords

  • Intracellular reactive oxygen species
  • Matrix metalloproteinase-2
  • Nitric oxide
  • RNA component of telomerase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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