Conceptualizing and measuring cultures and their consequences: A comparative review of GLOBE's and Hofstede's approaches

Mansour Javidan, Robert J. House, Peter W. Dorfman, Paul J. Hanges, Mary Sully de Luque

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

425 Scopus citations

Abstract

This paper explains why GLOBE used a set of cultural values and practices to measure national cultures. We show why there is no theoretical or empirical basis for Hofstede's criticism that GLOBE measures of values are too abstract or for his contention that national and organizational cultures are phenomena of different order. We also show why Hofstede has a limited understanding of the relationship between national wealth and culture. Furthermore, we explain why Hofstede's reanalysis of the GLOBE data is inappropriate and produces incomprehensible results. We also show the validity of managerial samples in studying leadership. Finally, we explain why Hofstede's claim that GLOBE instruments reflect researchers psycho-logic reveals ignorance of psychometric methodologies designed to ensure scale reliability and construct validity.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)897-914
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of International Business Studies
Volume37
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 14 2006

Keywords

  • Cross cultural leadership
  • Cross cultural management
  • GLOBE
  • International management
  • National culture

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)
  • Economics and Econometrics
  • Strategy and Management
  • Management of Technology and Innovation

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