Conceptualizing and Assessing Self-Enhancement Bias: A Componential Approach

Sau Kwan, Oliver P. John, Richard W. Robins, Lu Lu Kuang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

78 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Four studies implemented a componential approach to assessing self-enhancement and contrasted this approach with 2 earlier ones: social comparison (comparing self-ratings with ratings of others) and self-insight (comparing self-ratings with ratings by others). In Study 1, the authors varied the traits being rated to identify conditions that lead to more or less similarity between approaches. In Study 2, the authors examined the effects of acquaintance on the conditions identified in Study 1. In Study 3, the authors showed that using rankings renders the self-insight approach equivalent to the component-based approach but also has limitations in assessing self-enhancement. In Study 4, the authors compared the social-comparison and the component-based approaches in terms of their psychological implications; the relation between self-enhancement and adjustment depended on the self-enhancement approach used, and the positive-adjustment correlates of the social-comparison approach disappeared when the confounding influence of the target effect was controlled.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1062-1077
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Personality and Social Psychology
Volume94
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 2008
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Social Adjustment
rating
trend
Psychology
ranking

Keywords

  • mental health, and adjustment
  • self-enhancement
  • self-esteem
  • self-perception

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Sociology and Political Science

Cite this

Conceptualizing and Assessing Self-Enhancement Bias : A Componential Approach. / Kwan, Sau; John, Oliver P.; Robins, Richard W.; Kuang, Lu Lu.

In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, Vol. 94, No. 6, 06.2008, p. 1062-1077.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Kwan, Sau ; John, Oliver P. ; Robins, Richard W. ; Kuang, Lu Lu. / Conceptualizing and Assessing Self-Enhancement Bias : A Componential Approach. In: Journal of Personality and Social Psychology. 2008 ; Vol. 94, No. 6. pp. 1062-1077.
@article{7f7cf0eb87fb4a17a58aff29d50badc5,
title = "Conceptualizing and Assessing Self-Enhancement Bias: A Componential Approach",
abstract = "Four studies implemented a componential approach to assessing self-enhancement and contrasted this approach with 2 earlier ones: social comparison (comparing self-ratings with ratings of others) and self-insight (comparing self-ratings with ratings by others). In Study 1, the authors varied the traits being rated to identify conditions that lead to more or less similarity between approaches. In Study 2, the authors examined the effects of acquaintance on the conditions identified in Study 1. In Study 3, the authors showed that using rankings renders the self-insight approach equivalent to the component-based approach but also has limitations in assessing self-enhancement. In Study 4, the authors compared the social-comparison and the component-based approaches in terms of their psychological implications; the relation between self-enhancement and adjustment depended on the self-enhancement approach used, and the positive-adjustment correlates of the social-comparison approach disappeared when the confounding influence of the target effect was controlled.",
keywords = "mental health, and adjustment, self-enhancement, self-esteem, self-perception",
author = "Sau Kwan and John, {Oliver P.} and Robins, {Richard W.} and Kuang, {Lu Lu}",
year = "2008",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1037/0022-3514.94.6.1062",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "94",
pages = "1062--1077",
journal = "Journal of Personality and Social Psychology",
issn = "0022-3514",
publisher = "American Psychological Association Inc.",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Conceptualizing and Assessing Self-Enhancement Bias

T2 - A Componential Approach

AU - Kwan, Sau

AU - John, Oliver P.

AU - Robins, Richard W.

AU - Kuang, Lu Lu

PY - 2008/6

Y1 - 2008/6

N2 - Four studies implemented a componential approach to assessing self-enhancement and contrasted this approach with 2 earlier ones: social comparison (comparing self-ratings with ratings of others) and self-insight (comparing self-ratings with ratings by others). In Study 1, the authors varied the traits being rated to identify conditions that lead to more or less similarity between approaches. In Study 2, the authors examined the effects of acquaintance on the conditions identified in Study 1. In Study 3, the authors showed that using rankings renders the self-insight approach equivalent to the component-based approach but also has limitations in assessing self-enhancement. In Study 4, the authors compared the social-comparison and the component-based approaches in terms of their psychological implications; the relation between self-enhancement and adjustment depended on the self-enhancement approach used, and the positive-adjustment correlates of the social-comparison approach disappeared when the confounding influence of the target effect was controlled.

AB - Four studies implemented a componential approach to assessing self-enhancement and contrasted this approach with 2 earlier ones: social comparison (comparing self-ratings with ratings of others) and self-insight (comparing self-ratings with ratings by others). In Study 1, the authors varied the traits being rated to identify conditions that lead to more or less similarity between approaches. In Study 2, the authors examined the effects of acquaintance on the conditions identified in Study 1. In Study 3, the authors showed that using rankings renders the self-insight approach equivalent to the component-based approach but also has limitations in assessing self-enhancement. In Study 4, the authors compared the social-comparison and the component-based approaches in terms of their psychological implications; the relation between self-enhancement and adjustment depended on the self-enhancement approach used, and the positive-adjustment correlates of the social-comparison approach disappeared when the confounding influence of the target effect was controlled.

KW - mental health, and adjustment

KW - self-enhancement

KW - self-esteem

KW - self-perception

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=44449142426&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=44449142426&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1037/0022-3514.94.6.1062

DO - 10.1037/0022-3514.94.6.1062

M3 - Article

C2 - 18505318

AN - SCOPUS:44449142426

VL - 94

SP - 1062

EP - 1077

JO - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

JF - Journal of Personality and Social Psychology

SN - 0022-3514

IS - 6

ER -