Context: Role-based access control (RBAC) has become the de facto standard for access management in various large-scale organizations. Often role-based policies must implement organizational rules to satisfy compliance or authorization requirements, e.g., the principle of separation of duty (SoD). To provide business continuity, organizations should also support the delegation of access rights and roles, respectively. This, however, makes access control more complex and error-prone, in particular, when delegation concepts interplay with SoD rules. Objective: A systematic way to specify and validate access control policies consisting of organizational rules such as SoD as well as delegation and revocation rules shall be developed. A domain-specific language for RBAC as well as delegation concepts shall be made available. Method: In this paper, we present an approach to the precise specification and validation of role-based policies based on UML and OCL. We significantly extend our earlier work, which proposed a UML-based domain-specific language for RBAC, by supporting delegation and revocation concepts. Result: We show the appropriateness of our approach by applying it to a banking application. In particular, we give three scenarios for validating the interplay between SoD rules and delegation/revocation. Conclusion: To the best of our knowledge, this is the first attempt to formalize advanced RBAC concepts, such as history-based SoD as well as various delegation and revocation schemes, with UML and OCL. With the rich tool support of UML, we believe our work can be employed to validate and implement real-world role-based policies.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Information Systems
- Computer Science Applications