Compositional dependence of the bowing parameter for the direct and indirect band gaps in Ge1-ySny alloys

J. D. Gallagher, C. L. Senaratne, John Kouvetakis, Jose Menendez

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Photoluminescence spectroscopy has been used to determine the direct gap E0 of Ge1-ySny alloys over a broad compositional range from pure Ge to Sn concentrations exceeding 10%. A fit of the compositional dependence of E0 using a standard quadratic expression is not fully satisfactory, revealing that the bowing parameter (quadratic coefficient) b0 is compositionally dependent. Excellent agreement with the data is obtained with b0(y) = (2.66 ± 0.09) eV - (5.4 ± 1.1)y eV. A theoretical model of the bowing is presented, which explains the strong compositional dependence of the bowing parameter and suggest a similar behavior for the indirect gap. Combining the model predictions with experimental data for samples with y ≤ 0.06, it is proposed that the bowing parameter for the indirect gap is bind(y) = (1.11 ± 0.07) eV - (0.78 ± 0.05)y eV. The compositional dependence of the bowing parameters shifts the crossover concentration from indirect to direct gap behavior to yc = 0.087, significantly higher than the value predicted earlier based on strictly quadratic fits.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number142102
JournalApplied Physics Letters
Issue number14
StatePublished - Oct 6 2014


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)

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