Complexity in the spatial utilization of rangelands: Pastoral mobility in the Horn of Africa

Chuan Liao, Patrick E. Clark, Stephen D. DeGloria, Christopher B. Barrett

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

Extensive movement is a key strategy for pastoralists to ensure adequate forage intake for livestock while distributing grazing pressure throughout the landscape. However, the complexity of pastoral mobility was overgeneralized in previous research, which often leads to sedentarization-oriented policy-making. Based on continuous GPS-tracking of cattle movement over seven months and pastoralist knowledge of mobility, we investigated spatial rangeland utilization patterns in five study sites across the Borana Zone of southern Ethiopia. By quantifying the extent of movement, density of utilization, and recursive use of rangelands, we found highly diverse mobility patterns and resource-use strategies even within a single study region. Rather than the central-place model, pastoral mobility patterns in Borana can be characterized using restrictive, semi-extensive, or extensive herding models. The research findings suggest that sedentarization largely results in compromised mobility. Thus, we recommend both intra- and inter-community coordination to reduce recursive use of rangelands and mitigate degradation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)208-219
Number of pages12
JournalApplied Geography
Volume86
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2017

Keywords

  • Ethiopia
  • GPS-tracking
  • Mobility
  • Pastoralism
  • Spatial utilization pattern

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Forestry
  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management

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