Comparison of V2O5 xerogels prepared by the vanadate and alkoxide routes using x-ray absorption and other methods

Gregory P. Holland, Fritz Huguenin, Roberto M. Torresi, Daniel Buttry

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

26 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

X-ray absorption near edge spectroscopy (XANES), Brunauer-Emmett-Teller surface area, Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), and thermogravimetric analysis were used to characterize two xerogels of V2O5 prepared using the vanadate hydrolysis (i.e., the v-V2O5 material) or the vanadyl tris(isopropoxide) hydrolysis (i.e., the a-V2O5 material) synthetic routes. XANES spectra were obtained and analyzed for samples at varying degrees of lithiation that were either bathed in 0.5 M LiClO4/propylene carbonate (PC) supporting electrolyte (i.e., in situ) or from which the solvent had been removed by treatment under high vacuum (i.e., ex situ), as judged by FTIR analysis. The pre-edge, main edge, and edge resonance peak intensities were examined to track the symmetry around the vanadium center. The results for the in situ samples made by both synthetic routes showed that the local symmetry around vanadium did not change significantly for x values ranging from 0 to 0.98, where x represents the degree of reduction in the formulation LixV2O5. For the ex situ samples, substantial distortion was observed on going from either the hydrated or PC-swollen states to states in which solvent was absent. Further, the XANES spectrum for an unlithiated ex situ a-V2O5 material showed very substantial distortion around vanadium compared to the v-V2O5 material, presumably due to the rapidity of polymerization in the alkoxide synthetic procedure. The galvanostatic intermittent titration technique was used to obtain the apparent Li- diffusion coefficient in both materials, revealing Li+ diffusion in the v-V2O5 material that appeared to be more than two orders of magnitude faster than in the a-V2O5 material. The origin of that observation is discussed.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of the Electrochemical Society
Volume150
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2003
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Xerogels
xerogels
Vanadates
vanadates
alkoxides
x ray absorption
routes
X rays
Vanadium
X ray absorption
vanadium
propylene
Spectroscopy
hydrolysis
carbonates
Propylene
Carbonates
Hydrolysis
Fourier transforms
spectroscopy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrochemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Surfaces and Interfaces

Cite this

Comparison of V2O5 xerogels prepared by the vanadate and alkoxide routes using x-ray absorption and other methods. / Holland, Gregory P.; Huguenin, Fritz; Torresi, Roberto M.; Buttry, Daniel.

In: Journal of the Electrochemical Society, Vol. 150, No. 6, 07.2003.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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