Comparing the effects of problem-based and conventional curricula in an international sample

H. G. Schmidt, W. D. Dauphinee, Vimla Patel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

169 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this article, the authors review 15 studies that compare various educational outcomes of problem-based, community-oriented medical curricula with those of conventional programs. The data suggest that problem-based curricula provide a student-centered learning environment and encourage an inquisitive style of learning in their students as opposed to the rote memorization and short-term learning strategies induced by conventional medical education. In addition, community-oriented schools appear to influence the career preferences of their students. The few data available show that significantly larger proportions of graduates from these schools seek careers in primary care. Some of the studies reviewed suggest that students in conventional programs perform somewhat better on traditional measures of academic achievement than do students in problem-based curricula. However, these differences, if any, tend to be very small. Data with respect to performance on instruments measuring clinical competence are inconclusive. Finally, the authors discuss the difficulties involved in carrying out comparative research at the curriculum level.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)305-315
Number of pages11
JournalAcademic Medicine
Volume62
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 1987
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

curriculum
student
school career
comparative research
learning strategy
academic achievement
community
learning environment
graduate
career
school
learning
performance
education

Keywords

  • Achievement
  • Australia
  • Canada
  • Career choice
  • Clinical competence
  • Comparative study
  • Curriculum
  • Education, medical, undergraduate
  • Educational measurement
  • Egypt
  • Human
  • Learning
  • Netherlands
  • New Mexico
  • Problem solving
  • Students, medical (psychology)
  • Support, non-U.S. gov't

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education

Cite this

Schmidt, H. G., Dauphinee, W. D., & Patel, V. (1987). Comparing the effects of problem-based and conventional curricula in an international sample. Academic Medicine, 62(4), 305-315.

Comparing the effects of problem-based and conventional curricula in an international sample. / Schmidt, H. G.; Dauphinee, W. D.; Patel, Vimla.

In: Academic Medicine, Vol. 62, No. 4, 01.01.1987, p. 305-315.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Schmidt, HG, Dauphinee, WD & Patel, V 1987, 'Comparing the effects of problem-based and conventional curricula in an international sample', Academic Medicine, vol. 62, no. 4, pp. 305-315.
Schmidt, H. G. ; Dauphinee, W. D. ; Patel, Vimla. / Comparing the effects of problem-based and conventional curricula in an international sample. In: Academic Medicine. 1987 ; Vol. 62, No. 4. pp. 305-315.
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