Comparing the collaboration networks and productivity of China-born and US-born academic scientists

Eric Joseph Van Holm, Yonghong Wu, Eric Welch

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Chinese scientists constitute the largest group of foreign-born tenure-track faculty in science and engineering (S&E) fields in the USA, and have become a target of recent Chinese government efforts seeking to attract them back to China. This study examines the differences of collaboration networks between Chinese scientists and US-born scientists working in the USA. The findings show significant differences in the size, composition, and role of collaboration networks of Chinese scientists, and how these networks differently impact their productivity. The networks of scientists born in China are smaller, more dispersed, and less communicative. However, despite those networks and less benefit from traditional research resources, Chinese scientists appear to be more productive than their American colleagues are. The study improves understanding of this important group in the USA's research enterprise and also provides insights for science policy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)310-320
Number of pages11
JournalScience and Public Policy
Volume46
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2019

Fingerprint

productivity
China
engineering
resource
science policy
science
Group
resources
policy

Keywords

  • Chinese scientists
  • Collaboration network
  • Culture
  • Higher education
  • Scientific production

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Public Administration
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law

Cite this

Comparing the collaboration networks and productivity of China-born and US-born academic scientists. / Van Holm, Eric Joseph; Wu, Yonghong; Welch, Eric.

In: Science and Public Policy, Vol. 46, No. 2, 01.04.2019, p. 310-320.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{8c6fe601f1b748fc9816351abfccb6a1,
title = "Comparing the collaboration networks and productivity of China-born and US-born academic scientists",
abstract = "Chinese scientists constitute the largest group of foreign-born tenure-track faculty in science and engineering (S&E) fields in the USA, and have become a target of recent Chinese government efforts seeking to attract them back to China. This study examines the differences of collaboration networks between Chinese scientists and US-born scientists working in the USA. The findings show significant differences in the size, composition, and role of collaboration networks of Chinese scientists, and how these networks differently impact their productivity. The networks of scientists born in China are smaller, more dispersed, and less communicative. However, despite those networks and less benefit from traditional research resources, Chinese scientists appear to be more productive than their American colleagues are. The study improves understanding of this important group in the USA's research enterprise and also provides insights for science policy.",
keywords = "Chinese scientists, Collaboration network, Culture, Higher education, Scientific production",
author = "{Van Holm}, {Eric Joseph} and Yonghong Wu and Eric Welch",
year = "2019",
month = "4",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1093/scipol/scy060",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "46",
pages = "310--320",
journal = "Science and Public Policy",
issn = "0302-3427",
publisher = "Beech Tree Publishing",
number = "2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Comparing the collaboration networks and productivity of China-born and US-born academic scientists

AU - Van Holm, Eric Joseph

AU - Wu, Yonghong

AU - Welch, Eric

PY - 2019/4/1

Y1 - 2019/4/1

N2 - Chinese scientists constitute the largest group of foreign-born tenure-track faculty in science and engineering (S&E) fields in the USA, and have become a target of recent Chinese government efforts seeking to attract them back to China. This study examines the differences of collaboration networks between Chinese scientists and US-born scientists working in the USA. The findings show significant differences in the size, composition, and role of collaboration networks of Chinese scientists, and how these networks differently impact their productivity. The networks of scientists born in China are smaller, more dispersed, and less communicative. However, despite those networks and less benefit from traditional research resources, Chinese scientists appear to be more productive than their American colleagues are. The study improves understanding of this important group in the USA's research enterprise and also provides insights for science policy.

AB - Chinese scientists constitute the largest group of foreign-born tenure-track faculty in science and engineering (S&E) fields in the USA, and have become a target of recent Chinese government efforts seeking to attract them back to China. This study examines the differences of collaboration networks between Chinese scientists and US-born scientists working in the USA. The findings show significant differences in the size, composition, and role of collaboration networks of Chinese scientists, and how these networks differently impact their productivity. The networks of scientists born in China are smaller, more dispersed, and less communicative. However, despite those networks and less benefit from traditional research resources, Chinese scientists appear to be more productive than their American colleagues are. The study improves understanding of this important group in the USA's research enterprise and also provides insights for science policy.

KW - Chinese scientists

KW - Collaboration network

KW - Culture

KW - Higher education

KW - Scientific production

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=85065721063&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=85065721063&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1093/scipol/scy060

DO - 10.1093/scipol/scy060

M3 - Article

VL - 46

SP - 310

EP - 320

JO - Science and Public Policy

JF - Science and Public Policy

SN - 0302-3427

IS - 2

ER -