Comparing multiple measures of physical activity in African-American adults

Scherezade K. Mama, Nishat M.S. Bhuiyan, Rebecca Lee, Karen Basen-Engquist, David W. Wetter, Deborah Thompson, Lorna H. McNeill

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Objectives: We assessed the agreement between self-reported and accelerometer-assessed physical activity (PA) in African-American adults by sex, education, income, and weight status. Methods: Participants (N = 274) completed the International PA Questionnaire short form (IPAQ-S), Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System (BRFSS) PA questions, and PA Questionnaire (PAQ) and a 7-day accelerometer protocol using a waist-worn ActiGraph GT3X accelerometer. Interrelationships among PA measures were assessed by sociodemographics. Results: Participants consistently reported doing ≥150 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous-intensity PA (MVPA) per week via self-report measures and did 113.5±179.4 minutes of accelerometer-assessed MVPA/ week. Men self-reported and did more MVPA than women (p < .01). Regardless of sex, there were low correlations between self-report and accelerometer-assessed MVPA (r = .092-.190). Poor agreement existed between self-report and accelerometry for classifying participants as meeting PA recommendations (Cohen κ = .054-.136); only half of the participants were classified the same by both self-report and accelerometry. Conclusions: There was generally poor relative agreement between self-report and accelerometer-based assessments of MVPA in this sample of African-American adults. Findings suggest that self-report measures may perform better among African-American women than men, regardless of socioeconomic or weight status.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)877-886
Number of pages10
JournalAmerican Journal of Health Behavior
Volume43
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2019

Fingerprint

African Americans
Self Report
Exercise
Accelerometry
Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System
Weights and Measures
Sex Education
questionnaire
sex education
American
surveillance
income

Keywords

  • Accelerometry
  • Adults
  • Exercise
  • Measurement
  • Minority health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Social Psychology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Mama, S. K., Bhuiyan, N. M. S., Lee, R., Basen-Engquist, K., Wetter, D. W., Thompson, D., & McNeill, L. H. (2019). Comparing multiple measures of physical activity in African-American adults. American Journal of Health Behavior, 43(5), 877-886. https://doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.5.1

Comparing multiple measures of physical activity in African-American adults. / Mama, Scherezade K.; Bhuiyan, Nishat M.S.; Lee, Rebecca; Basen-Engquist, Karen; Wetter, David W.; Thompson, Deborah; McNeill, Lorna H.

In: American Journal of Health Behavior, Vol. 43, No. 5, 01.01.2019, p. 877-886.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mama, SK, Bhuiyan, NMS, Lee, R, Basen-Engquist, K, Wetter, DW, Thompson, D & McNeill, LH 2019, 'Comparing multiple measures of physical activity in African-American adults', American Journal of Health Behavior, vol. 43, no. 5, pp. 877-886. https://doi.org/10.5993/AJHB.43.5.1
Mama, Scherezade K. ; Bhuiyan, Nishat M.S. ; Lee, Rebecca ; Basen-Engquist, Karen ; Wetter, David W. ; Thompson, Deborah ; McNeill, Lorna H. / Comparing multiple measures of physical activity in African-American adults. In: American Journal of Health Behavior. 2019 ; Vol. 43, No. 5. pp. 877-886.
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