Comparing aerosol surface-area measurements of monodisperse ultrafine silver agglomerates by mobility analysis, transmission electron microscopy and diffusion charging

Ki Ku Bon, Andrew Maynard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

88 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Three methods - scanning mobility particle sizer (SMPS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and diffusion charging (DC) - for estimating aerosol surface area were evaluated and compared. The aerosol used was monodisperse silver particles, having morphologies that range from spherical to agglomerated particles, with corresponding fractal dimensions from 1.58 to 1.94. For monodisperse silver particle agglomerates smaller than 100 nm, the DC response was proportional to the mobility diameter squared, regardless of morphology. For particle sizes from 80 to 200 nm, the DC response varied as the mobility diameter to the power 1.5. The projected surface area of agglomerates analyzed by TEM agreed well with that estimated from particle mobility diameters for particles smaller than 100 nm. The surface area of monodisperse particles, measured by DC and SMPS, was comparable to the geometric surface area below 100 nm, but in the size range of 100-200 nm, the methods used underestimated the geometric surface area. SMPS, TEM, and DC-based measurements of surface area were in good agreement with one another for monodisperse aerosol particles smaller than 100 nm.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1108-1124
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Aerosol Science
Volume36
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2005
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Aerosols
Silver
transmission electron microscopy
silver
surface area
aerosol
Transmission electron microscopy
Scanning
Particles (particulate matter)
Fractal dimension
particle
analysis
Ultrafine
Particle size
range size
particle size

Keywords

  • Aerosol surface area
  • Diffusion charging
  • Silver agglomerates

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atmospheric Science
  • Environmental Science(all)

Cite this

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title = "Comparing aerosol surface-area measurements of monodisperse ultrafine silver agglomerates by mobility analysis, transmission electron microscopy and diffusion charging",
abstract = "Three methods - scanning mobility particle sizer (SMPS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and diffusion charging (DC) - for estimating aerosol surface area were evaluated and compared. The aerosol used was monodisperse silver particles, having morphologies that range from spherical to agglomerated particles, with corresponding fractal dimensions from 1.58 to 1.94. For monodisperse silver particle agglomerates smaller than 100 nm, the DC response was proportional to the mobility diameter squared, regardless of morphology. For particle sizes from 80 to 200 nm, the DC response varied as the mobility diameter to the power 1.5. The projected surface area of agglomerates analyzed by TEM agreed well with that estimated from particle mobility diameters for particles smaller than 100 nm. The surface area of monodisperse particles, measured by DC and SMPS, was comparable to the geometric surface area below 100 nm, but in the size range of 100-200 nm, the methods used underestimated the geometric surface area. SMPS, TEM, and DC-based measurements of surface area were in good agreement with one another for monodisperse aerosol particles smaller than 100 nm.",
keywords = "Aerosol surface area, Diffusion charging, Silver agglomerates",
author = "Bon, {Ki Ku} and Andrew Maynard",
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N2 - Three methods - scanning mobility particle sizer (SMPS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and diffusion charging (DC) - for estimating aerosol surface area were evaluated and compared. The aerosol used was monodisperse silver particles, having morphologies that range from spherical to agglomerated particles, with corresponding fractal dimensions from 1.58 to 1.94. For monodisperse silver particle agglomerates smaller than 100 nm, the DC response was proportional to the mobility diameter squared, regardless of morphology. For particle sizes from 80 to 200 nm, the DC response varied as the mobility diameter to the power 1.5. The projected surface area of agglomerates analyzed by TEM agreed well with that estimated from particle mobility diameters for particles smaller than 100 nm. The surface area of monodisperse particles, measured by DC and SMPS, was comparable to the geometric surface area below 100 nm, but in the size range of 100-200 nm, the methods used underestimated the geometric surface area. SMPS, TEM, and DC-based measurements of surface area were in good agreement with one another for monodisperse aerosol particles smaller than 100 nm.

AB - Three methods - scanning mobility particle sizer (SMPS), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and diffusion charging (DC) - for estimating aerosol surface area were evaluated and compared. The aerosol used was monodisperse silver particles, having morphologies that range from spherical to agglomerated particles, with corresponding fractal dimensions from 1.58 to 1.94. For monodisperse silver particle agglomerates smaller than 100 nm, the DC response was proportional to the mobility diameter squared, regardless of morphology. For particle sizes from 80 to 200 nm, the DC response varied as the mobility diameter to the power 1.5. The projected surface area of agglomerates analyzed by TEM agreed well with that estimated from particle mobility diameters for particles smaller than 100 nm. The surface area of monodisperse particles, measured by DC and SMPS, was comparable to the geometric surface area below 100 nm, but in the size range of 100-200 nm, the methods used underestimated the geometric surface area. SMPS, TEM, and DC-based measurements of surface area were in good agreement with one another for monodisperse aerosol particles smaller than 100 nm.

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