Comparative growth, age at maturity and sex change, and longevity of hawaiian parrotfishes, with bomb radiocarbon validation

Edward E. DeMartini, Allen H. Andrews, Kathrine G. Howard, Brett M. Taylor, Dong Chun Lou, Mary K. Donovan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations


Growth rates and longevities were estimated for five major fishery species of parrotfishes (“uhu”) at Oahu, Hawai’i. All species grew rapidly with von Bertalanffy growth formula k values ≥0.4·year−1. Longevities were found to range broadly among the three small species, 4 years in Calotomus carolinus and 6 and 11 years in Scarus psittacus and Chlorurus spilurus, and to 15–20 years in Scarus rubroviolaceus and Chlorurus perspicillatus for the two large species. Age reading and growth curves for the latter two large species were validated using bomb radiocarbon dating. Median ages at sexual maturity as females (AM50) and at sex change (from female to terminal phase male, AΔ50) were estimated using logistic models. Sexual maturation occurred at 1–2 years for the small species and at 3–3.5 years in the large species. AΔ50 estimates ranged from 2 to 4 years in the small species and were about 5 and 7 years in S. rubroviolaceus and C. perspicillatus, respectively. Estimated milestones poorly corresponded to the current minimum legal size for uhu in Hawai’i (12 in. or 30.5 cm fork length). Pooling these parrotfishes for management seems generally inappropriate, especially for the two large species. Age-based metrics are more informative than size-based metrics for these fishes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)580-589
Number of pages10
JournalCanadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2018
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Aquatic Science


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