Comparative archaeology

A commitment to understanding variation

Robert D. Drennan, Timothy Earle, Gary M. Feinman, Roland Fletcher, Michael J. Kolb, Peter Peregrine, Christian E. Peterson, Carla Sinopoli, Michael Smith, Monica L. Smith, Barbara L. Stark, Miriam T. Stark

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

As archaeologists, we seek to understand variation and change in past human societies. This goal necessitates a comparative approach, and comparisons justify the broad cross-cultural and diachronic scope of our work. Without comparisons we sink into the culture-bound theorizing against which anthropology and archaeology have long sought to broaden social science research. By undertaking comparisons that incorporate long-term social variability, archaeologists not only improve our understanding of the past, but also open the door to meaningful transdisciplinary research. Archaeologists have unique and comprehensive data sets whose analysis can contribute to dialogues surrounding contemporary issues and the myriad challenges of our era. In the past two decades, the pendulum seems to have swung away from comparative research in archaeology. Many archaeologists focus on detailed contextual descriptions of individual cases, and only a few have dedicated themselves to explicit comparative work. Yet in that same time span, fieldwork has expanded tremendously throughout the world, leading to an explosion of well-documented diachronic data on sites and regions. We now have substantial detail on the variation inherent in phenomena such as cultural assemblages, settlement patterns, and economic activity. New methods, from dating techniques to digital data processing, promote comparative analysis and greatly advance our understanding of human societies and change. The time is ripe for a renewed commitment to comparative research in archaeology.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationThe Comparative Archaeology of Complex Societies
PublisherCambridge University Press
Pages1-3
Number of pages3
ISBN (Print)9781139022712, 9780521197915
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2011

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Archaeologists
Archaeology
Comparative Research
Diachrony
Anthropology
Settlement Patterns
Dating Techniques
Comparative Analysis
Field Work
Pendulum
Contextual
Economic Activity
Social Sciences
Assemblages

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities(all)

Cite this

Drennan, R. D., Earle, T., Feinman, G. M., Fletcher, R., Kolb, M. J., Peregrine, P., ... Stark, M. T. (2011). Comparative archaeology: A commitment to understanding variation. In The Comparative Archaeology of Complex Societies (pp. 1-3). Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139022712.003

Comparative archaeology : A commitment to understanding variation. / Drennan, Robert D.; Earle, Timothy; Feinman, Gary M.; Fletcher, Roland; Kolb, Michael J.; Peregrine, Peter; Peterson, Christian E.; Sinopoli, Carla; Smith, Michael; Smith, Monica L.; Stark, Barbara L.; Stark, Miriam T.

The Comparative Archaeology of Complex Societies. Cambridge University Press, 2011. p. 1-3.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Drennan, RD, Earle, T, Feinman, GM, Fletcher, R, Kolb, MJ, Peregrine, P, Peterson, CE, Sinopoli, C, Smith, M, Smith, ML, Stark, BL & Stark, MT 2011, Comparative archaeology: A commitment to understanding variation. in The Comparative Archaeology of Complex Societies. Cambridge University Press, pp. 1-3. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139022712.003
Drennan RD, Earle T, Feinman GM, Fletcher R, Kolb MJ, Peregrine P et al. Comparative archaeology: A commitment to understanding variation. In The Comparative Archaeology of Complex Societies. Cambridge University Press. 2011. p. 1-3 https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9781139022712.003
Drennan, Robert D. ; Earle, Timothy ; Feinman, Gary M. ; Fletcher, Roland ; Kolb, Michael J. ; Peregrine, Peter ; Peterson, Christian E. ; Sinopoli, Carla ; Smith, Michael ; Smith, Monica L. ; Stark, Barbara L. ; Stark, Miriam T. / Comparative archaeology : A commitment to understanding variation. The Comparative Archaeology of Complex Societies. Cambridge University Press, 2011. pp. 1-3
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