Commuting and Sleep: Results From the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos Sueño Ancillary Study

Megan Petrov, Jia Weng, Kathryn J. Reid, Rui Wang, Alberto R. Ramos, Douglas M. Wallace, Carmela Alcantara, Jianwen Cai, Krista Perreira, Rebeca A. Espinoza Giacinto, Phyllis C. Zee, Daniela Sotres-Alvarez, Sanjay R. Patel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Introduction: Commute time is associated with reduced sleep time, but previous studies have relied on self-reported sleep assessment. The present study investigated the relationships between commute time for employment and objective sleep patterns among non-shift working U.S. Hispanic/Latino adults. Methods: From 2010 to 2013, Hispanic/Latino employed, non-shift-working adults (n=760, aged 18-64 years) from the Sueño study, ancillary to the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos, reported their total daily commute time to and from work, completed questionnaires on sleep and other health behaviors, and wore wrist actigraphs to record sleep duration, continuity, and variability for 1 week. Survey linear regression models of the actigraphic and self-reported sleep measures regressed on categorized commute time (short: 1-44 minutes; moderate: 45-89 minutes; long: ≥90 minutes) were built adjusting for relevant covariates. For associations that suggested a linear relationship, continuous commute time was modeled as the exposure. Moderation effects by age, sex, income, and depressive symptoms also were explored. Results: Commute time was linearly related to sleep duration on work days such that each additional hour of commute time conferred 15 minutes of sleep loss (p=0.01). Compared with short commutes, individuals with moderate commutes had greater sleep duration variability (p=0.04) and lower interdaily stability (p=0.046, a measure of sleep/wake schedule regularity). No significant associations were detected for self-reported sleep measures. Conclusions: Commute time is significantly associated with actigraphy-measured sleep duration and regularity among Hispanic/Latino adults. Interventions to shorten commute times should be evaluated to help improve sleep habits in this minority population.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Preventive Medicine
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - Jan 1 2018

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Hispanic Americans
Sleep
Health
Linear Models
Actigraphy
Health Behavior
Wrist
Habits
Appointments and Schedules
Depression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Commuting and Sleep : Results From the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos Sueño Ancillary Study. / Petrov, Megan; Weng, Jia; Reid, Kathryn J.; Wang, Rui; Ramos, Alberto R.; Wallace, Douglas M.; Alcantara, Carmela; Cai, Jianwen; Perreira, Krista; Espinoza Giacinto, Rebeca A.; Zee, Phyllis C.; Sotres-Alvarez, Daniela; Patel, Sanjay R.

In: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, 01.01.2018.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Petrov, M, Weng, J, Reid, KJ, Wang, R, Ramos, AR, Wallace, DM, Alcantara, C, Cai, J, Perreira, K, Espinoza Giacinto, RA, Zee, PC, Sotres-Alvarez, D & Patel, SR 2018, 'Commuting and Sleep: Results From the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos Sueño Ancillary Study', American Journal of Preventive Medicine. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.amepre.2017.11.006
Petrov, Megan ; Weng, Jia ; Reid, Kathryn J. ; Wang, Rui ; Ramos, Alberto R. ; Wallace, Douglas M. ; Alcantara, Carmela ; Cai, Jianwen ; Perreira, Krista ; Espinoza Giacinto, Rebeca A. ; Zee, Phyllis C. ; Sotres-Alvarez, Daniela ; Patel, Sanjay R. / Commuting and Sleep : Results From the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos Sueño Ancillary Study. In: American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2018.
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abstract = "Introduction: Commute time is associated with reduced sleep time, but previous studies have relied on self-reported sleep assessment. The present study investigated the relationships between commute time for employment and objective sleep patterns among non-shift working U.S. Hispanic/Latino adults. Methods: From 2010 to 2013, Hispanic/Latino employed, non-shift-working adults (n=760, aged 18-64 years) from the Sue{\~n}o study, ancillary to the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos, reported their total daily commute time to and from work, completed questionnaires on sleep and other health behaviors, and wore wrist actigraphs to record sleep duration, continuity, and variability for 1 week. Survey linear regression models of the actigraphic and self-reported sleep measures regressed on categorized commute time (short: 1-44 minutes; moderate: 45-89 minutes; long: ≥90 minutes) were built adjusting for relevant covariates. For associations that suggested a linear relationship, continuous commute time was modeled as the exposure. Moderation effects by age, sex, income, and depressive symptoms also were explored. Results: Commute time was linearly related to sleep duration on work days such that each additional hour of commute time conferred 15 minutes of sleep loss (p=0.01). Compared with short commutes, individuals with moderate commutes had greater sleep duration variability (p=0.04) and lower interdaily stability (p=0.046, a measure of sleep/wake schedule regularity). No significant associations were detected for self-reported sleep measures. Conclusions: Commute time is significantly associated with actigraphy-measured sleep duration and regularity among Hispanic/Latino adults. Interventions to shorten commute times should be evaluated to help improve sleep habits in this minority population.",
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T2 - Results From the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos Sueño Ancillary Study

AU - Petrov, Megan

AU - Weng, Jia

AU - Reid, Kathryn J.

AU - Wang, Rui

AU - Ramos, Alberto R.

AU - Wallace, Douglas M.

AU - Alcantara, Carmela

AU - Cai, Jianwen

AU - Perreira, Krista

AU - Espinoza Giacinto, Rebeca A.

AU - Zee, Phyllis C.

AU - Sotres-Alvarez, Daniela

AU - Patel, Sanjay R.

PY - 2018/1/1

Y1 - 2018/1/1

N2 - Introduction: Commute time is associated with reduced sleep time, but previous studies have relied on self-reported sleep assessment. The present study investigated the relationships between commute time for employment and objective sleep patterns among non-shift working U.S. Hispanic/Latino adults. Methods: From 2010 to 2013, Hispanic/Latino employed, non-shift-working adults (n=760, aged 18-64 years) from the Sueño study, ancillary to the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos, reported their total daily commute time to and from work, completed questionnaires on sleep and other health behaviors, and wore wrist actigraphs to record sleep duration, continuity, and variability for 1 week. Survey linear regression models of the actigraphic and self-reported sleep measures regressed on categorized commute time (short: 1-44 minutes; moderate: 45-89 minutes; long: ≥90 minutes) were built adjusting for relevant covariates. For associations that suggested a linear relationship, continuous commute time was modeled as the exposure. Moderation effects by age, sex, income, and depressive symptoms also were explored. Results: Commute time was linearly related to sleep duration on work days such that each additional hour of commute time conferred 15 minutes of sleep loss (p=0.01). Compared with short commutes, individuals with moderate commutes had greater sleep duration variability (p=0.04) and lower interdaily stability (p=0.046, a measure of sleep/wake schedule regularity). No significant associations were detected for self-reported sleep measures. Conclusions: Commute time is significantly associated with actigraphy-measured sleep duration and regularity among Hispanic/Latino adults. Interventions to shorten commute times should be evaluated to help improve sleep habits in this minority population.

AB - Introduction: Commute time is associated with reduced sleep time, but previous studies have relied on self-reported sleep assessment. The present study investigated the relationships between commute time for employment and objective sleep patterns among non-shift working U.S. Hispanic/Latino adults. Methods: From 2010 to 2013, Hispanic/Latino employed, non-shift-working adults (n=760, aged 18-64 years) from the Sueño study, ancillary to the Hispanic Community Health Study/Study of Latinos, reported their total daily commute time to and from work, completed questionnaires on sleep and other health behaviors, and wore wrist actigraphs to record sleep duration, continuity, and variability for 1 week. Survey linear regression models of the actigraphic and self-reported sleep measures regressed on categorized commute time (short: 1-44 minutes; moderate: 45-89 minutes; long: ≥90 minutes) were built adjusting for relevant covariates. For associations that suggested a linear relationship, continuous commute time was modeled as the exposure. Moderation effects by age, sex, income, and depressive symptoms also were explored. Results: Commute time was linearly related to sleep duration on work days such that each additional hour of commute time conferred 15 minutes of sleep loss (p=0.01). Compared with short commutes, individuals with moderate commutes had greater sleep duration variability (p=0.04) and lower interdaily stability (p=0.046, a measure of sleep/wake schedule regularity). No significant associations were detected for self-reported sleep measures. Conclusions: Commute time is significantly associated with actigraphy-measured sleep duration and regularity among Hispanic/Latino adults. Interventions to shorten commute times should be evaluated to help improve sleep habits in this minority population.

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