Communication by tandem running in the ant Camponotus sericeus

Berthold Hoelldobler, Michael Möglich, Ulrich Maschwitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

1. Camponotus sericeus recruits nestmates to newly discovered food sources or nest sites by the tandem running technique. 2. The food alarm consists of short lasting fast runs inside the nest and brief food offerings. The "invitation behavior" for following to new nest sites is different: a recruiter faces a nestmate, grips it on the mandibles, pulls it forward and while turning around 180 °, loosens the grasp and presents the gaster. When the leader is then touched at the gaster or hindlegs by the follower, tandem running starts. 3. Dummy experiments have shown that these tactile stimuli are important to release leadership behavior during tandem running. Furthermore we demonstrated that the follower ant is bound to the leader by a surface pheromone. In addition a mechanical contact to the leader ensures a precise orientation during tandem following. 4. The leader ant discharges a trail pheromone out of the hindgut. It has been shown that these chemical trails are not important for recruitment in the tandem running technique. However, they are used as orientation cues.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)105-127
Number of pages23
JournalJournal of Comparative Physiology
Volume90
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1974
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Camponotus
Ants
nesting sites
animal communication
ant
Formicidae
Pheromones
Communication
nest site
Hand Strength
communication
trail pheromones
pheromone
Food
food
leadership
hindgut
pheromones
legs
nests

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Physiology (medical)
  • Physiology
  • Animal Science and Zoology
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Communication by tandem running in the ant Camponotus sericeus. / Hoelldobler, Berthold; Möglich, Michael; Maschwitz, Ulrich.

In: Journal of Comparative Physiology, Vol. 90, No. 2, 06.1974, p. 105-127.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Hoelldobler, Berthold ; Möglich, Michael ; Maschwitz, Ulrich. / Communication by tandem running in the ant Camponotus sericeus. In: Journal of Comparative Physiology. 1974 ; Vol. 90, No. 2. pp. 105-127.
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