Commercializing Nature: Mangrove Conservation and Female Oyster Collectors in The Gambia

Brittany Crow-Miller, Judith Carney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Taking a political ecology approach, this paper offers a critical evaluation of conservation efforts undertaken in Gambia's Tanbi Wetland National Park (TWNP), a "wetland of international importance" as designated by the Ramsar Convention. Focusing on the oyster commercialization component of the World Wildlife Fund's Gambia-Senegal Sustainable Fisheries Program (GSFP) in the TWNP mangrove forests, we identify oystering practices that promote mangrove conservation and others that conflict with sustainable management. The project, which aims to commercialize oyster culture through local women, is entirely production oriented, ignoring the ways in which oysters are prepared for market. As a result, degradation of the very mangrove forests the GSFP aims to conserve may be accelerated. The project selectively engages with local environmental knowledge and fails to consider the implications of expanding the value chains for oysters and their shells. Unless the World Wildlife Fund addresses these issues, its conservation objectives and potential socioeconomic benefits may be compromised.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)275-293
Number of pages19
JournalAntipode
Volume45
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2013
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Gambia
wetland
mangrove
conservation
Senegal
national park
fishery
oyster culture
Ramsar Convention
value chain
commercialization
environmental policy
shell
market
evaluation
management
project
programme
wildlife
world

Keywords

  • Gambia
  • Mangrove conservation
  • Oysters
  • Women
  • WWF

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Earth-Surface Processes

Cite this

Commercializing Nature : Mangrove Conservation and Female Oyster Collectors in The Gambia. / Crow-Miller, Brittany; Carney, Judith.

In: Antipode, Vol. 45, No. 2, 03.2013, p. 275-293.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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